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Polymers 2016, 8(10), 366;

Heteroatom-Doped Carbon Nanostructures Derived from Conjugated Polymers for Energy Applications

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shin-ichi Yusa
Received: 29 August 2016 / Revised: 4 October 2016 / Accepted: 11 October 2016 / Published: 17 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conjugated Polymers 2016)
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Heteroatom-doped carbon materials have been one of the most remarkable families of materials with promising applications in fuel cells, supercapacitors, and batteries. Among them, conjugated polymer (CP)-derived heteroatom-doped carbon materials exhibit remarkable electrochemical performances because the heteroatoms can be preserved at a relatively high content and keep stable under harsh working conditions. In this review, we summarized recent advances in the rational design and various applications of CP-derived heteroatom-doped carbon materials, including polyaniline (PANI), polypyrrole (PPy), and their ramification-derived carbons, as well as transition metal-carbon nanocomposites. The key point of considering CP-derived heteroatom-doped carbon materials as important candidates of electrode materials is that CPs contain only nonmetallic elements and some key heteroatoms in their backbones which provide great chances for the synthesis of metal-free heteroatom-doped carbon nanostructures. The presented examples in this review will provide new insights in designing and optimizing heteroatom-doped carbon materials for the development of anode and cathode materials for electrochemical device applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: conjugated polymers; heteroatom-doped carbon; fuel cells; supercapacitors; batteries conjugated polymers; heteroatom-doped carbon; fuel cells; supercapacitors; batteries

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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He, Y.; Han, X.; Du, Y.; Zhang, B.; Xu, P. Heteroatom-Doped Carbon Nanostructures Derived from Conjugated Polymers for Energy Applications. Polymers 2016, 8, 366.

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