Towards High Performance Organic Photovoltaic Cells: A Review of Recent Development in Organic Photovoltaics
AbstractOrganic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) have been a hot topic for research during the last decade due to their promising application in relieving energy pressure and environmental problems caused by the increasing combustion of fossil fuels. Much effort has been made toward understanding the photovoltaic mechanism, including evolving chemical structural motifs and designing device structures, leading to a remarkable enhancement of the power conversion efficiency of OPVs from 3% to over 15%. In this brief review, the advanced progress and the state-of-the-art performance of OPVs in very recent years are summarized. Based on several of the latest developed approaches to accurately detect the separation of electron-hole pairs in the femtosecond regime, the theoretical interpretation to exploit the comprehensive mechanistic picture of energy harvesting and charge carrier generation are discussed, especially for OPVs with bulk and multiple heterojunctions. Subsequently, the novel structural designs of the device architecture of OPVs embracing external geometry modification and intrinsic structure decoration are presented. Additionally, some approaches to further increase the efficiency of OPVs are described, including thermotics and dynamics modification methods. Finally, this review highlights the challenges and prospects with the aim of providing a better understanding towards highly efficient OPVs. View Full-Text
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Yu, J.; Zheng, Y.; Huang, J. Towards High Performance Organic Photovoltaic Cells: A Review of Recent Development in Organic Photovoltaics. Polymers 2014, 6, 2473-2509.
Yu J, Zheng Y, Huang J. Towards High Performance Organic Photovoltaic Cells: A Review of Recent Development in Organic Photovoltaics. Polymers. 2014; 6(9):2473-2509.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yu, Junsheng; Zheng, Yifan; Huang, Jiang. 2014. "Towards High Performance Organic Photovoltaic Cells: A Review of Recent Development in Organic Photovoltaics." Polymers 6, no. 9: 2473-2509.