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Liquefaction of Cellulose for Production of Advanced Porous Carbon Materials

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Ostrava, 30. Dubna 22, 701 03 Ostrava, Czech Republic
2
Institut de Science des Matériaux de Mulhouse (IS2M), UMR 7361 CNRS-UHA, Université de Haute-Alsace, 15 Rue Jean Starcky, 68057 Mulhouse, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jungmok You and Jeonghun Kim
Polymers 2022, 14(8), 1621; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081621
Received: 24 March 2022 / Revised: 13 April 2022 / Accepted: 15 April 2022 / Published: 16 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives)
Cellulose is a renewable resource for the production of advanced carbonaceous materials for various applications. In addition to direct carbonization, attention has recently been paid to the preparation of porous carbons from liquid cellulose-based precursors. Possible pathways of cellulose conversion to a liquid state suitable for the preparation of porous carbons are summarized in this review. Hydrothermal liquefaction leading to liquid mixtures of low-molecular-weight organics is described in detail together with less common decomposition techniques (microwave or ultrasound assisted liquefaction, decomposition in a strong gravitation field). We also focus on dissolution of cellulose without decomposition, with special attention paid to dissolution of nonderivatized cellulose. For this purpose, cold alkalines, hot acids, ionic liquids, or alcohols are commonly used. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquefaction; cellulose; dissolution; carbon liquefaction; cellulose; dissolution; carbon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kryeziu, A.; Slovák, V.; Parchaňská, A. Liquefaction of Cellulose for Production of Advanced Porous Carbon Materials. Polymers 2022, 14, 1621. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081621

AMA Style

Kryeziu A, Slovák V, Parchaňská A. Liquefaction of Cellulose for Production of Advanced Porous Carbon Materials. Polymers. 2022; 14(8):1621. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081621

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kryeziu, Arjeta, Václav Slovák, and Alžběta Parchaňská. 2022. "Liquefaction of Cellulose for Production of Advanced Porous Carbon Materials" Polymers 14, no. 8: 1621. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14081621

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