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Article

Novel Antiviral and Antibacterial Durable Polyester Fabrics Printed with Selenium Nanoparticles (SeNPs)

1
Department of Material Art, Faculty of Art & Design, Galala University, Galala 43713, Egypt
2
Department of Textile Printing, Dyeing and Finishing, Faculty of Applied Arts, Damietta University, Damietta 34512, Egypt
3
Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Damietta University, Damietta 34512, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sándor Kéki
Polymers 2022, 14(5), 955; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14050955
Received: 6 February 2022 / Revised: 18 February 2022 / Accepted: 22 February 2022 / Published: 27 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functionalization and Medical Application of Polymer Materials)
The COVID-19 pandemic has clearly shown the importance of developing advanced protective equipment, and new antiviral fabrics for the protection and prevention of life-threatening viral diseases are needed. In this study, selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) were combined with polyester fabrics using printing technique to obtain multifunctional properties, including combined antiviral and antibacterial activities as well as coloring. The properties of the printed polyester fabrics with SeNPs were estimated, including tensile strength and color fastness. Characterization of the SeNPs was carried out using TEM and SEM. The results of the analysis showed good uniformity and stability of the particles with sizes range from 40–60 nm and 40–80 nm for SeNPs 25 mM and 50 mM, respectively, as well as uniform coating of the SeNPs on the fabric. In addition, the SeNPs—printed polyester fabric exhibited high disinfection activity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) with an inhibition percentage of 87.5%. Moreover, a toxicity test of the resulting printed fabric revealed low cytotoxicity against the HFB4 cell line. In contrast, the treated fabric under study showed excellent killing potentiality against Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus cereus) and Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, and Escherichia coli). This multifunctional fabric has high potential for use in protective clothing applications by providing passive and active protection pathways. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; protective textiles; selenium nanoparticles; printed polyester fabric; antibacterial; antiviral; cytotoxicity COVID-19; protective textiles; selenium nanoparticles; printed polyester fabric; antibacterial; antiviral; cytotoxicity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abou Elmaaty, T.; Sayed-Ahmed, K.; Elsisi, H.; Ramadan, S.M.; Sorour, H.; Magdi, M.; Abdeldayem, S.A. Novel Antiviral and Antibacterial Durable Polyester Fabrics Printed with Selenium Nanoparticles (SeNPs). Polymers 2022, 14, 955. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14050955

AMA Style

Abou Elmaaty T, Sayed-Ahmed K, Elsisi H, Ramadan SM, Sorour H, Magdi M, Abdeldayem SA. Novel Antiviral and Antibacterial Durable Polyester Fabrics Printed with Selenium Nanoparticles (SeNPs). Polymers. 2022; 14(5):955. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14050955

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abou Elmaaty, Tarek, Khaled Sayed-Ahmed, Hanan Elsisi, Shaimaa M. Ramadan, Heba Sorour, Mai Magdi, and Shereen A. Abdeldayem. 2022. "Novel Antiviral and Antibacterial Durable Polyester Fabrics Printed with Selenium Nanoparticles (SeNPs)" Polymers 14, no. 5: 955. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14050955

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