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Review

Physical Properties of Thermoplastic Starch Derived from Natural Resources and Its Blends: A Review

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Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Durian Tunggal 76100, Melaka, Malaysia
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Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Durian Tunggal 76100, Melaka, Malaysia
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Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu 88400, Sabah, Malaysia
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School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia
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Centre for Advanced Composite Materials (CACM), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlo Santulli and Agnieszka Tercjak
Polymers 2021, 13(9), 1396; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13091396
Received: 13 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 9 April 2021 / Published: 26 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additive Manufacturing of Bio and Synthetic Polymers)
Thermoplastic starch composites have attracted significant attention due to the rise of environmental pollutions induced by the use of synthetic petroleum-based polymer materials. The degradation of traditional plastics requires an unusually long time, which may lead to high cost and secondary pollution. To solve these difficulties, more petroleum-based plastics should be substituted with sustainable bio-based plastics. Renewable and natural materials that are abundant in nature are potential candidates for a wide range of polymers, which can be used to replace their synthetic counterparts. This paper focuses on some aspects of biopolymers and their classes, providing a description of starch as a main component of biopolymers, composites, and potential applications of thermoplastics starch-based in packaging application. Currently, biopolymer composites blended with other components have exhibited several enhanced qualities. The same behavior is also observed when natural fibre is incorporated with biopolymers. However, it should be noted that the degree of compatibility between starch and other biopolymers extensively varies depending on the specific biopolymer. Although their efficacy is yet to reach the level of their fossil fuel counterparts, biopolymers have made a distinguishing mark, which will continue to inspire the creation of novel substances for many years to come. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermoplastic starch; biopolymer; composite; food packaging thermoplastic starch; biopolymer; composite; food packaging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Diyana, Z.N.; Jumaidin, R.; Selamat, M.Z.; Ghazali, I.; Julmohammad, N.; Huda, N.; Ilyas, R.A. Physical Properties of Thermoplastic Starch Derived from Natural Resources and Its Blends: A Review. Polymers 2021, 13, 1396. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13091396

AMA Style

Diyana ZN, Jumaidin R, Selamat MZ, Ghazali I, Julmohammad N, Huda N, Ilyas RA. Physical Properties of Thermoplastic Starch Derived from Natural Resources and Its Blends: A Review. Polymers. 2021; 13(9):1396. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13091396

Chicago/Turabian Style

Diyana, Z. N., R. Jumaidin, Mohd Z. Selamat, Ihwan Ghazali, Norliza Julmohammad, Nurul Huda, and R. A. Ilyas 2021. "Physical Properties of Thermoplastic Starch Derived from Natural Resources and Its Blends: A Review" Polymers 13, no. 9: 1396. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13091396

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