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On the Solubility and Stability of Polyvinylidene Fluoride

WMG, International Manufacturing Centre, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
College of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Green Rose Chemistry, The Catalyst, Baird Lane, York YO10 5GA, UK.
Academic Editor: Boxin Zhao
Polymers 2021, 13(9), 1354;
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 21 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Adhesion and Interfaces for Advanced Manufacturing)
This literature review covers the solubility and processability of fluoropolymer polyvinylidine fluoride (PVDF). Fluoropolymers consist of a carbon backbone chain with multiple connected C–F bonds; they are typically nonreactive and nontoxic and have good thermal stability. Their processing, recycling and reuse are rapidly becoming more important to the circular economy as fluoropolymers find widespread application in diverse sectors including construction, automotive engineering and electronics. The partially fluorinated polymer PVDF is in strong demand in all of these areas; in addition to its desirable inertness, which is typical of most fluoropolymers, it also has a high dielectric constant and can be ferroelectric in some of its crystal phases. However, processing and reusing PVDF is a challenging task, and this is partly due to its limited solubility. This review begins with a discussion on the useful properties and applications of PVDF, followed by a discussion on the known solvents and diluents of PVDF and how it can be formed into membranes. Finally, we explore the limitations of PVDF’s chemical and thermal stability, with a discussion on conditions under which it can degrade. Our aim is to provide a condensed overview that will be of use to both chemists and engineers who need to work with PVDF. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyvinylidene fluoride; green chemistry; polymer processing; circular economy polyvinylidene fluoride; green chemistry; polymer processing; circular economy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marshall, J.E.; Zhenova, A.; Roberts, S.; Petchey, T.; Zhu, P.; Dancer, C.E.J.; McElroy, C.R.; Kendrick, E.; Goodship, V. On the Solubility and Stability of Polyvinylidene Fluoride. Polymers 2021, 13, 1354.

AMA Style

Marshall JE, Zhenova A, Roberts S, Petchey T, Zhu P, Dancer CEJ, McElroy CR, Kendrick E, Goodship V. On the Solubility and Stability of Polyvinylidene Fluoride. Polymers. 2021; 13(9):1354.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marshall, Jean E., Anna Zhenova, Samuel Roberts, Tabitha Petchey, Pengcheng Zhu, Claire E. J. Dancer, Con R. McElroy, Emma Kendrick, and Vannessa Goodship. 2021. "On the Solubility and Stability of Polyvinylidene Fluoride" Polymers 13, no. 9: 1354.

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