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Review

A Review on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite for Bullet Proof and Ballistic Applications

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Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
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Centre for Defence Foundation Studies, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM), Kem Perdana Sungai Besi 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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Department of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
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School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang 11800, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
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School of Industrial Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam 40450, Selangor, Malaysia
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Research Center for Chemical Defence, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM), Kem Perdana Sungai Besi 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai 81310, Johor, Malaysia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vladimir Alvarado and Dandina N. Rao
Polymers 2021, 13(4), 646; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13040646
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 13 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 22 February 2021
Even though natural fiber reinforced polymer composites (NFRPCs) have been widely used in automotive and building industries, there is still a room to promote them to high-level structural applications such as primary structural component specifically for bullet proof and ballistic applications. The promising performance of Kevlar fabrics and aramid had widely implemented in numerous ballistic and bullet proof applications including for bullet proof helmets, vest, and other armor parts provides an acceptable range of protection to soldiers. However, disposal of used Kevlar products would affect the disruption of the ecosystem and pollutes the environment. Replacing the current Kevlar fabric and aramid in the protective equipment with natural fibers with enhanced kinetic energy absorption and dissipation has been significant effort to upgrade the ballistic performance of the composite structure with green and renewable resources. The vast availability, low cost and ease of manufacturing of natural fibers have grasped the attention of researchers around the globe in order to study them in heavy armory equipment and high durable products. The possibility in enhancement of natural fiber’s mechanical properties has led the extension of research studies toward the application of NFRPCs for structural and ballistic applications. Hence, this article established a state-of-the-art review on the influence of utilizing various natural fibers as an alternative material to Kevlar fabric for armor structure system. The article also focuses on the effect of layering and sequencing of natural fiber fabric in the composites to advance the current armor structure system. View Full-Text
Keywords: ballistic; biocomposites; bullet proof; natural fiber; polymer composite ballistic; biocomposites; bullet proof; natural fiber; polymer composite
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nurazzi, N.M.; Asyraf, M.R.M.; Khalina, A.; Abdullah, N.; Aisyah, H.A.; Rafiqah, S.A.; Sabaruddin, F.A.; Kamarudin, S.H.; Norrrahim, M.N.F.; Ilyas, R.A.; Sapuan, S.M. A Review on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite for Bullet Proof and Ballistic Applications. Polymers 2021, 13, 646. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13040646

AMA Style

Nurazzi NM, Asyraf MRM, Khalina A, Abdullah N, Aisyah HA, Rafiqah SA, Sabaruddin FA, Kamarudin SH, Norrrahim MNF, Ilyas RA, Sapuan SM. A Review on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite for Bullet Proof and Ballistic Applications. Polymers. 2021; 13(4):646. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13040646

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nurazzi, N. M., M. R.M. Asyraf, A. Khalina, N. Abdullah, H. A. Aisyah, S. A. Rafiqah, F. A. Sabaruddin, S. H. Kamarudin, M. N.F. Norrrahim, R. A. Ilyas, and S. M. Sapuan. 2021. "A Review on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite for Bullet Proof and Ballistic Applications" Polymers 13, no. 4: 646. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13040646

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