Next Article in Journal
Synthesis and Characterization of Polyurethanes from Residual Palm Oil with High Poly-Unsaturated Fatty Acid Oils as Additive
Next Article in Special Issue
Lab-Scale Twin-Screw Micro-Compounders as a New Rubber-Mixing Tool: ‘A Comparison on EPDM/Carbon Black and EPDM/Silica Composites’
Previous Article in Journal
Mathematical Modelling of Temperature Distribution in Selected Parts of FFF Printer during 3D Printing Process
Previous Article in Special Issue
Functionalized-CNT Polymer Composite for Microwave and Electromagnetic Shielding
Article

Functional Properties of Kenaf Bast Fibre Anhydride Modification Enhancement with Bionanocarbon in Polymer Nanobiocomposites

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
2
School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor 11800, Penang, Malaysia
3
Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjung Malim 35900, Perak, Malaysia
4
Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure PMB 704, Nigeria
5
Department of Physics, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
6
Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vineet Kumar
Polymers 2021, 13(23), 4211; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13234211
Received: 28 September 2021 / Revised: 23 October 2021 / Accepted: 26 October 2021 / Published: 1 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nanofillers Reinforced Polymer Nanocomposites)
The miscibility between hydrophilic biofibre and hydrophobic matrix has been a challenge in developing polymer biocomposite. This study investigated the anhydride modification effect of propionic and succinic anhydrides on Kenaf fibre’s functional properties in vinyl ester bionanocomposites. Bionanocarbon from oil palm shell agricultural wastes enhanced nanofiller properties in the fibre-matrix interface via the resin transfer moulding technique. The succinylated fibre with the addition of the nanofiller in vinyl ester provided great improvement of the tensile, flexural, and impact strengths of 92.47 ± 1.19 MPa, 108.34 ± 1.40 MPa, and 8.94 ± 0.12 kJ m−2, respectively than the propionylated fibre. The physical, morphological, chemical structural, and thermal properties of bionanocomposites containing 3% bionanocarbon loading showed better enhancement properties. This enhancement was associated with the effect of the anhydride modification and the nanofiller’s homogeneity in bionanocarbon-Kenaf fibre-vinyl ester bonding. It appears that Kenaf fibre modified with propionic and succinic anhydrides incorporated with bionanocarbon can be successfully utilised as reinforcing materials in vinyl ester matrix. View Full-Text
Keywords: anhydride modification; Kenaf fibre; vinyl ester; bionanocomposites; bionanocarbon; reinforcing material anhydride modification; Kenaf fibre; vinyl ester; bionanocomposites; bionanocarbon; reinforcing material
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Rizal, S.; H.P.S., A.K.; Mistar, E.M.; Olaiya, N.G.; Muksin, U.; Marwan, M.; Ikramullah; Suriani, A.B.; Abdullah, C.K.; Alfatah, T. Functional Properties of Kenaf Bast Fibre Anhydride Modification Enhancement with Bionanocarbon in Polymer Nanobiocomposites. Polymers 2021, 13, 4211. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13234211

AMA Style

Rizal S, H.P.S. AK, Mistar EM, Olaiya NG, Muksin U, Marwan M, Ikramullah, Suriani AB, Abdullah CK, Alfatah T. Functional Properties of Kenaf Bast Fibre Anhydride Modification Enhancement with Bionanocarbon in Polymer Nanobiocomposites. Polymers. 2021; 13(23):4211. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13234211

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rizal, Samsul, Abdul K. H.P.S., E. M. Mistar, Niyi G. Olaiya, Umar Muksin, Marwan Marwan, Ikramullah, A. B. Suriani, C. K. Abdullah, and Tata Alfatah. 2021. "Functional Properties of Kenaf Bast Fibre Anhydride Modification Enhancement with Bionanocarbon in Polymer Nanobiocomposites" Polymers 13, no. 23: 4211. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13234211

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop