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Open AccessReview

Bio-Based Packaging: Materials, Modifications, Industrial Applications and Sustainability

1
Sustainable Packaging Institute SPI, Faculty of Life Sciences, Albstadt-Sigmaringen University, Anton-Günther-Str., 51, 72488 Sigmaringen, Germany
2
IRIS Technology Solutions S.L., Parc Mediterrani de la Tecnologia, Avda, Carl Friedrich Gauss 11, 08001 Barcelona, Spain
3
c/o Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering of University of Pisa, Inter University Consortium of Materials Science and Technology (INSTM), Largo L. Lazzarino 1, 56122 Pisa, Italy
4
Planet Bioplastics s.r.l., via San Giovanni Bosco 23, 56127 Pisa, Italy
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Laboratori ARCHA Srl, via di Tegulaia 10/A, 56121 Pisa, Italy
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Aimplas, Plastic Technologic Center, Valencia Parc Tecnologic, C/Gustave Eiffel, 4, 46001 Valencia, Spain
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OWS, Dok-Noord 5, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
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European Bioplastics, Marienstrasse 19/20, 10117 Berlin, Germany
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Centexbel, Technologiepark 70, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Polymers 2020, 12(7), 1558; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071558
Received: 11 April 2020 / Revised: 26 June 2020 / Accepted: 29 June 2020 / Published: 14 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Bio-Based Polymers: Towards a Circular Bioeconomy)
Environmental impacts and consumer concerns have necessitated the study of bio-based materials as alternatives to petrochemicals for packaging applications. The purpose of this review is to summarize synthetic and non-synthetic materials feasible for packaging and textile applications, routes of upscaling, (industrial) applications, evaluation of sustainability, and end-of-life options. The outlined bio-based materials include polylactic acid, polyethylene furanoate, polybutylene succinate, and non-synthetically produced polymers such as polyhydrodyalkanoate, cellulose, starch, proteins, lipids, and waxes. Further emphasis is placed on modification techniques (coating and surface modification), biocomposites, multilayers, and additives used to adjust properties especially for barriers to gas and moisture and to tune their biodegradability. Overall, this review provides a holistic view of bio-based packaging material including processing, and an evaluation of the sustainability of and options for recycling. Thus, this review contributes to increasing the knowledge of available sustainable bio-based packaging material and enhancing the transfer of scientific results into applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioplastic; packaging; textile; polylactic acid; coatings; biodegradation; upscaling; end of life bioplastic; packaging; textile; polylactic acid; coatings; biodegradation; upscaling; end of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reichert, C.L.; Bugnicourt, E.; Coltelli, M.-B.; Cinelli, P.; Lazzeri, A.; Canesi, I.; Braca, F.; Martínez, B.M.; Alonso, R.; Agostinis, L.; Verstichel, S.; Six, L.; Mets, S.D.; Gómez, E.C.; Ißbrücker, C.; Geerinck, R.; Nettleton, D.F.; Campos, I.; Sauter, E.; Pieczyk, P.; Schmid, M. Bio-Based Packaging: Materials, Modifications, Industrial Applications and Sustainability. Polymers 2020, 12, 1558. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071558

AMA Style

Reichert CL, Bugnicourt E, Coltelli M-B, Cinelli P, Lazzeri A, Canesi I, Braca F, Martínez BM, Alonso R, Agostinis L, Verstichel S, Six L, Mets SD, Gómez EC, Ißbrücker C, Geerinck R, Nettleton DF, Campos I, Sauter E, Pieczyk P, Schmid M. Bio-Based Packaging: Materials, Modifications, Industrial Applications and Sustainability. Polymers. 2020; 12(7):1558. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071558

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reichert, Corina L.; Bugnicourt, Elodie; Coltelli, Maria-Beatrice; Cinelli, Patrizia; Lazzeri, Andrea; Canesi, Ilaria; Braca, Francesca; Martínez, Belén M.; Alonso, Rafael; Agostinis, Lodovico; Verstichel, Steven; Six, Lasse; Mets, Steven D.; Gómez, Elena C.; Ißbrücker, Constance; Geerinck, Ruben; Nettleton, David F.; Campos, Inmaculada; Sauter, Erik; Pieczyk, Pascal; Schmid, Markus. 2020. "Bio-Based Packaging: Materials, Modifications, Industrial Applications and Sustainability" Polymers 12, no. 7: 1558. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071558

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