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Introducing the Newly Isolated Bacterium Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 as an Auspicious Thermophilic Producer of Various Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) Copolymers–1. Isolation and Characterization of the Bacterium
Article

Introducing the Newly Isolated Bacterium Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 as an Auspicious Thermophilic Producer of Various Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) Copolymers–2. Material Study on the Produced Copolymers

1
Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkynova 118, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Institute of Chemistry, NAWI Graz, University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28/VI, 8010 Graz, Austria
3
ARENA Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Ressourcenschonende & Nachhaltige Technologien, Inffeldgasse 21b, 8010 Graz, Austria
4
Biology Centre, The Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Branisovska 31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
5
Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branisovska 31, 370 05 Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
6
Institute of Scientific Instruments of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Kralovopolska 147, 612 64 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(6), 1298; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061298
Received: 15 May 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 June 2020 / Published: 5 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Polymers from Biomass)
Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 is a promising, moderately thermophilic, novel Gram-positive bacterium capable of the biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) with tunable monomer composition. In particular, the strain is able to synthesize copolymers of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), 4-hydroxybutyrate (4HB) and 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) with remarkably high 4HB and 3HV fractions. In this study we performed an in-depth material analysis of PHA polymers produced by Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 in order to describe how the monomer composition affects fundamental structural and physicochemical parameters of the materials in the form of solvent-casted films. Results of infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry and thermal analysis clearly show that controlling the monomer composition enables optimization of PHA crystallinity both qualitatively (the type of the crystalline lattice) and quantitatively (the overall degree of crystallinity). Furthermore, resistance of the films against thermal and/or enzymatic degradation can also be manipulated by the monomer composition. Results of this study hence confirm Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 as an auspicious candidate for thermophilic production of PHA polymers with material properties that can be tuned together with their chemical composition by the corresponding adjustment of the cultivation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyhydroxyalkanoates; thermophiles; Aneurinibacillus sp.; P(3HB-co-4HB); P(3HB-co-3HV-co-4HB); crystallinity polyhydroxyalkanoates; thermophiles; Aneurinibacillus sp.; P(3HB-co-4HB); P(3HB-co-3HV-co-4HB); crystallinity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sedlacek, P.; Pernicova, I.; Novackova, I.; Kourilova, X.; Kalina, M.; Kovalcik, A.; Koller, M.; Nebesarova, J.; Krzyzanek, V.; Hrubanova, K.; Masilko, J.; Slaninova, E.; Trudicova, M.; Obruca, S. Introducing the Newly Isolated Bacterium Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 as an Auspicious Thermophilic Producer of Various Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) Copolymers–2. Material Study on the Produced Copolymers. Polymers 2020, 12, 1298. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061298

AMA Style

Sedlacek P, Pernicova I, Novackova I, Kourilova X, Kalina M, Kovalcik A, Koller M, Nebesarova J, Krzyzanek V, Hrubanova K, Masilko J, Slaninova E, Trudicova M, Obruca S. Introducing the Newly Isolated Bacterium Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 as an Auspicious Thermophilic Producer of Various Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) Copolymers–2. Material Study on the Produced Copolymers. Polymers. 2020; 12(6):1298. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061298

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sedlacek, Petr, Iva Pernicova, Ivana Novackova, Xenie Kourilova, Michal Kalina, Adriana Kovalcik, Martin Koller, Jana Nebesarova, Vladislav Krzyzanek, Kamila Hrubanova, Jiri Masilko, Eva Slaninova, Monika Trudicova, and Stanislav Obruca. 2020. "Introducing the Newly Isolated Bacterium Aneurinibacillus sp. H1 as an Auspicious Thermophilic Producer of Various Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) Copolymers–2. Material Study on the Produced Copolymers" Polymers 12, no. 6: 1298. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12061298

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