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A Novel Zirconium Modified Arylacetylene Resin: Preparation, Thermal Properties and Ceramifiable Mechanism

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Luoshi Road, Wuhan 430070, China
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Polymers 2020, 12(3), 684; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12030684
Received: 23 February 2020 / Revised: 17 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
With the rapid development of thermal protection systems for the aerospace industry and power electronics, polyarylacetylene (PAA) resin plays an important role because of its good mechanical properties, high glass transition temperature (Tg), low water absorption, high char yield (Yc), and the fact that there is no byproduct released in the curing process. In order to further improve the thermal property of PAA based FRP for the thermal protection field, the introduction of a zirconium element into arylacetylene is promising. In this paper, zirconium modified arylacetylene (ZAA) resin was prepared by two-step synthesis. The FTIR analysis characterized its molecular structure and confirmed the products. The viscosity of ZAA was about 6.5 Pa·s when the temperature was above 120 °C. The DSC analysis showed that the ZAA had a low curing temperature, and its apparent activation energy was 103.86 kJ/mol in the Kissinger method and 106.46 kJ/mol in the Ozawa method. The dielectric constant at 1 MHz of poly(zirconium modified arylacetylene) (PZAA) was 3.4. The TG analysis showed that the temperatures of a weight loss of 5% (Td5) and char yield (Yc) at 800 °C of PZAA were 407.5 °C and 61.4%, respectively. The XRD results showed the presence of SiO2 and ZrO2 in the PZAA residue after ablation. The XRF results showed that the contents of SiO2 and ZrO2 in PZAA residual after ablation were, respectively, 15.3% and 12.4%. The SEM showed that the surface of PZAA after ablation had been covered with a dense and rigid ceramic phase composed of ZrO2 and SiO2. Therefore, the introduction of Zr into arylacetylene greatly improved the densification of the surface after ablation, and improved the heat resistant property. View Full-Text
Keywords: arylacetylene; zirconium; thermal stability; ceramifiable mechanism arylacetylene; zirconium; thermal stability; ceramifiable mechanism
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Mei, Q.; Wang, H.; Chen, X.; Wang, Y.; Huang, Z. A Novel Zirconium Modified Arylacetylene Resin: Preparation, Thermal Properties and Ceramifiable Mechanism. Polymers 2020, 12, 684.

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