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Open AccessArticle

SEBS-Grafted Itaconic Acid as Compatibilizer for Elastomer Nanocomposites Based on BaTiO3 Particles

1
Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Chile, Beauchef 851, Santiago 8370456, Chile
2
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile, Olivos 1007, Santiago 8380544, Chile
3
Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros, ICTP-CSIC, Juan de la Cierva, 3 28006 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(3), 643; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12030643
Received: 11 February 2020 / Revised: 6 March 2020 / Accepted: 7 March 2020 / Published: 12 March 2020
Itaconic acid (IA) is an organic acid produced by the fermentation of sugars with aspergillus. It has been identified as one of the top 12 building-block chemicals. Here, we report the use of IA as a possible substitute to petroleum-based compatibilizers in polymer composite. We applied this study to thermoplastic elastomers based on styrene copolymers, since they are commonly used in blends and composites. Poly(styrene-b-ethylene-butylene-b-styrene) (SEBS) was grafted with 2.6 wt.% of itaconic acid (SEBS-g-IA) prepared by a reactive melt-mixing process, and was subsequently used to prepare composites filled with BaTiO3.). IA was successfully grafted as demonstrated by FTIR and XRD. SEBS-g-IA composites presented better mechanical properties, achieving an increase of Young modulus up to 80% compared with the neat polymer. This was ascribed to better dispersion and compatibility with the filler. Additionally, SEBS-g-IA showed increased dielectric permittivity, i.e., showed increased polarity, which indicates that it could potentially be used as a modifier for specialized polymers. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermoplastic elastomer; barium titanate nanoparticles; compatibilizer thermoplastic elastomer; barium titanate nanoparticles; compatibilizer
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Aguilar-Bolados, H.; Quijada, R.; Yazdani-Pedram, M.; Maldonado-Magnere, S.; Verdejo, R.; Lopez-Manchado, M.A. SEBS-Grafted Itaconic Acid as Compatibilizer for Elastomer Nanocomposites Based on BaTiO3 Particles. Polymers 2020, 12, 643.

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