Next Article in Journal
Manufacturing, Characterisation and Mechanical Analysis of Polyacrylonitrile Membranes
Next Article in Special Issue
Development of Lightweight and High-Performance Ballistic Helmet Based on Poly(Benzoxazine-co-Urethane) Matrix Reinforced with Aramid Fabric and Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Previous Article in Journal
Reprocessable, Reworkable, and Mechanochromic Polyhexahydrotriazine Thermoset with Multiple Stimulus Responsiveness
Previous Article in Special Issue
Defect Characteristics and Online Detection Techniques During Manufacturing of FRPs Using Automated Fiber Placement: A Review
Article

Carbon, Glass and Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polybenzoxazine: The Effects of Fiber Reinforcement on Mechanical, Fire, Smoke and Toxicity Properties

1
Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Bremen, Badgasteiner Straße 1, 28359 Bremen, Germany
2
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Wiener Strasse 12, 28359 Bremen, Germany
3
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Brinellgatan 4, SE-50462 Boras, Sweden
4
DTU, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
5
CENTEXBEL, Technologiepark 70, 9052 Gent-Zwijnaarde, Belgium
6
CIDETEC, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), P° Miramon 196, 20014 San Sebastian, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(10), 2379; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12102379
Received: 23 September 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fiber Reinforced Polymers)
Bisphenol F and aniline-based benzoxazine monomers were selected to fabricate basalt, glass and carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine via vacuum infusion, respectively. The impacts of the type of fiber reinforcement on the resulting material properties of the fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs) were studied. FRPs exhibited a homogenous morphology with completely impregnated fibers and near-zero porosity. Carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine showed the highest specific mechanical properties because of its low density and high modulus and strength. However, regarding the flammability, fire, smoke and toxicity properties, glass and basalt reinforced polybenzoxazine outperformed carbon fiber reinforced polybenzoxazine. This work offers a deeper understanding of how different types of fiber reinforcement affect polybenzoxazine-based FRPs and provides access to FRPs with inherently good fire, smoke and toxicity performance without the need for further flame retardant additives. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer-matrix composites; fibers; mechanical properties; thermal properties; polybenzoxazine; fire; smoke and toxicity polymer-matrix composites; fibers; mechanical properties; thermal properties; polybenzoxazine; fire; smoke and toxicity
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Wolter, N.; Beber, V.C.; Sandinge, A.; Blomqvist, P.; Goethals, F.; Van Hove, M.; Jubete, E.; Mayer, B.; Koschek, K. Carbon, Glass and Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polybenzoxazine: The Effects of Fiber Reinforcement on Mechanical, Fire, Smoke and Toxicity Properties. Polymers 2020, 12, 2379. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12102379

AMA Style

Wolter N, Beber VC, Sandinge A, Blomqvist P, Goethals F, Van Hove M, Jubete E, Mayer B, Koschek K. Carbon, Glass and Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polybenzoxazine: The Effects of Fiber Reinforcement on Mechanical, Fire, Smoke and Toxicity Properties. Polymers. 2020; 12(10):2379. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12102379

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wolter, Nick, Vinicius C. Beber, Anna Sandinge, Per Blomqvist, Frederik Goethals, Marc Van Hove, Elena Jubete, Bernd Mayer, and Katharina Koschek. 2020. "Carbon, Glass and Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polybenzoxazine: The Effects of Fiber Reinforcement on Mechanical, Fire, Smoke and Toxicity Properties" Polymers 12, no. 10: 2379. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12102379

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop