Porous materials with high specific surface area possess a broad application prospect in the treatment of wastewater. In this work, sulfonated poly(arylene ether nitrile) (SPEN) functionalized with a carboxylic acid group was successfully synthesized, which was subsequently transformed into SPEN porous membranes with cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as pore-forming agents to study the adsorption performance for lead ions in aqueous solution. Then, experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of pH, contact time and initial solution concentration on the adsorption performance of porous membranes, and the adsorption capacities of porous membranes with different content (0, 5 and 15 wt %) of CTAB were 183.60, 161.73 and 127.43 mg/g, respectively, which manifested that the adsorption capacity decreased with the increase of CTAB. The adsorption capacities of porous membranes increased with the increase of the initial concentration of lead ions, and the maximum reached was 246.96 mg/g. The simulation of adsorption kinetics revealed that the adsorption was accorded with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir equation, indicating that the adsorption process followed Langmuir monolayer adsorption. Thermogravimetric analysis demonstrated that the porous membranes had excellent thermodynamic properties both before and after adsorption. In addition, the change of adsorption peak in the Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) spectrum indicated that the absorption performance of porous membranes for lead ions benefited from the chelation between lead ions and the carboxylic acid group on SPEN. Moreover, the porous membranes maintained excellent adsorption properties after circulating five times under the conditions of acidic or alkaline, and the cycle regeneration effect was outstanding.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited