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Open AccessArticle

Simulation Studies on the Effect of Material Characteristics and Runners Layout Geometry on the Filling Imbalance in Geometrically Balanced Injection Molds

Faculty of Production Engineering, Polymer Processing Department, Warsaw University of Technology, 02-524 Warsaw, 85 Narbutta, Poland
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Polymers 2019, 11(4), 639; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11040639
Received: 9 March 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 8 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Foaming and Injection Moulding in Polymer Processing)
Simulation studies were performed on filling imbalance in geometrically balanced injection molds. A special simulation procedure was applied to simulate properly the phenomenon, including inertia effects and 3D tetrahedron meshing as well as meshing of the nozzle. The phenomenon was investigated by simulation using several different runner systems at various thermo-rheological material parameters and process operating conditions. It has been observed that the Cross-WLF parameters, index flow, critical shear stress (relaxation time), and zero viscosity, as well as thermal diffusivity and heat transfer coefficient strongly affect the filling imbalance. The effect is substantially dependent on the runners’ layout geometry, as well as on the operating conditions, flow rate, and shear rate. The standard layout geometry and the corrected layout with circled element induce positive imbalance which means that inner cavities fills out faster, and it is opposite for the corrected layouts with one/two overturn elements which cause negative imbalance. Generally, for the standard layout geometry and the corrected layout with circled element, an effect of the zero shear rate viscosity η0 is positive (imbalance increases with an increase of viscosity), and an effect of the power law index n and the relaxation time λ is negative (imbalance decreases with an increase of index n and relaxation time λ). An effect of the thermal diffusivity α and heat transfer coefficient h is negative while an effect of the shear rate is positive. For the corrected layouts with one/two overturn elements, the results of simulations indicate opposite relationships. A novel optimization approach solving the filling imbalance problem and a novel concept of global modeling of injection molding process are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: injection molding; filling imbalance; 3D modeling injection molding; filling imbalance; 3D modeling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilczyński, K.; Narowski, P. Simulation Studies on the Effect of Material Characteristics and Runners Layout Geometry on the Filling Imbalance in Geometrically Balanced Injection Molds. Polymers 2019, 11, 639.

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