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Open AccessArticle

Ball Milling to Produce Composites Based of Natural Clinoptilolite as a Carrier of Salicylate in Bio-Based PA11

1
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
2
Nice Filler s.r.l., via Loggia dei Pisani, 25, 80133 Napoli, Italy
3
Istituto per la Tecnologia delle Membrane, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (ITM-CNR), via P. Bucci 17/c, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(4), 634; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11040634
Received: 5 March 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 7 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials and Methods for New Technologies in Polymer Processing)
Antimicrobial packaging systems are recognized as effective approaches to prolong food shelf life. In this context, Bio-based PA11 loaded with a food-grade zeolite were prepared using ball milling technology in the dry state. Zeolite was filled with sodium salicylate, as an antimicrobial agent, and incorporated into the polymer matrix (~50 wt % of salicylate) at different loadings (up to 10 wt %). Structural characterization and an analysis of the physical properties (thermal, barrier, mechanical) were conducted on the composites’ films and compared with the unfilled PA11. The successful entrapment of the antimicrobial molecule into the zeolite’s cavities was demonstrated by the thermal degradation analysis, showing a delay in the molecule’s degradation. Morphological organization, evaluated using SEM analysis, indicated the homogeneous distribution of the filler within the polymer matrix. The filler improves the thermal stability of PA11 and mechanical properties, also enhancing its barrier properties against CO2 and O2. The elongated form of the zeolite particles, evaluated through SEM analysis, was used to model the permeability data. The controlled release of salicylate, evaluated as a function of time and found to depend on the filler loading, was analyzed using the Gallagher‒Corrigan model. View Full-Text
Keywords: process‒properties relationships; fabrication of drug delivery systems; high-energy ball milling process‒properties relationships; fabrication of drug delivery systems; high-energy ball milling
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Bugatti, V.; Bernardo, P.; Clarizia, G.; Viscusi, G.; Vertuccio, L.; Gorrasi, G. Ball Milling to Produce Composites Based of Natural Clinoptilolite as a Carrier of Salicylate in Bio-Based PA11. Polymers 2019, 11, 634.

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