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Inductive Heating Using a High-Magnetic-Field Pulse to Initiate Chemical Reactions to Generate Composite Materials

1
Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden e.V., Polymer Materials, Reactive Processing, 01069 Dresden, Germany
2
Hochfeld-Magnetlabor Dresden (HLD-EMFL), Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, 01328 Dresden, Germany
3
Institute of Solid State and Materials Physics, Electronically Correlated Matter, Dresden University of Technology, 01062 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(3), 535; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11030535
Received: 5 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 8 March 2019 / Published: 21 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Field in Polymer Research)
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Abstract

Induction heating is efficient, precise, cost-effective, and clean. The heating process is coupled to an electrically conducting material, usually a metal. As most polymers are dielectric and non-conducting, induction heating is not applicable. In order to transfer energy from an electromagnetic field into polymer induction structures, conducting materials or materials that absorb the radiation are required. This report gives a brief overview of induction heating processes used in polymer technology. In contrast to metals, most polymer materials are not affected by electromagnetic fields. However, an unwanted temperature rise of the polymer can occur when a radio frequency field is applied. The now available high-field magnetic sources provide a new platform for induction heating at very low frequencies, avoiding unwanted thermal effects within the material. Using polycarbonate and octadecylamine as an example, it is demonstrated that induction heating performed by a magnetic-field pulse with a maximum flux density of 59 T can be used to initiate chemical reactions. A 50 nm thick Ag loop, with a mean diameter of 7 mm, placed in the polymer-polymer interface acts as susceptor and a resistive heating element. The formation of urethane as a linker compound was examined by infrared spectroscopic imaging and differential scanning calorimetry. View Full-Text
Keywords: induction heating; high-magnetic-field; polycarbonate; bonding polymers; susceptor material induction heating; high-magnetic-field; polycarbonate; bonding polymers; susceptor material
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zimmerer, C.; Mejia, C.S.; Utech, T.; Arnhold, K.; Janke, A.; Wosnitza, J. Inductive Heating Using a High-Magnetic-Field Pulse to Initiate Chemical Reactions to Generate Composite Materials. Polymers 2019, 11, 535.

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