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Open AccessArticle

Correlations between Process Parameters and Outcome Properties of Laser-Sintered Polyamide

Department of Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Politehnica University of Timisoara, 1 Mihai Viteazu Avenue, 300 222 Timisoara, Romania
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Polymers 2019, 11(11), 1850; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11111850
Received: 16 October 2019 / Revised: 5 November 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 9 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Processing of Polymer Materials)
As additive manufacturing (AM) becomes more accessible, correlating process parameters with geometric and mechanical properties is an important topic. Because the number of process variables in AM is large, extensive studies must be conducted in order to underline every particular influence. The study focuses on two variables—part orientation in the orthogonal horizontal plane and energy density—and targets two outcomes—geometric and tensile properties of the parts. The AM process was conducted on selective laser sintering (SLS) machine EOS Formiga P100 using EOS white powder polyamide (PA2200). After finishing the sinterization process, the parts were postprocessed, measured, weighted, and mechanically tested. The geometric evaluation and mass measurements of every sample allowed us to compute the density of all parts according to the sinterization energy and orientation, and to determine the relative error of every dimension. By conducting the tensile testing, the elastic and strength properties were determined according to process variables. A linear trend regarding sample density and energy density was identified. Also, large relative dimensional errors were recorded for the lowest energy density. Mechanical properties encountered the highest value for the highest energy density at a 45° orientation angle. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer processing; additive manufacturing; laser sintering; mechanical properties; sample orientation; energy density polymer processing; additive manufacturing; laser sintering; mechanical properties; sample orientation; energy density
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stoia, D.I.; Marşavina, L.; Linul, E. Correlations between Process Parameters and Outcome Properties of Laser-Sintered Polyamide. Polymers 2019, 11, 1850.

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