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Polymers 2018, 10(5), 495; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10050495

Growing ZnO Nanoparticles on Polydopamine-Templated Cotton Fabrics for Durable Antimicrobial Activity and UV Protection

1,2
,
1,2
,
1,2
,
1,2,* and 3,*
1
School of Textile Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
2
State Key Laboratory for Hubei New Textile Materials and Advanced Processing Technology, Wuhan 430200, China
3
School of Fashion and Textiles, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3056, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 April 2018 / Revised: 1 May 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Textile and Textile-Based Materials)
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Abstract

This work aims to develop durable functional cotton fabrics by growing zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles on polydopamine (PDA) templates. ZnO nanoparticles were grown on the PDA-templated cotton fabrics by the hydrothermal method at room temperature. The surface morphology, chemical composition, and crystalline structure of the ZnO-coated cotton fabrics were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The ZnO nanoparticles were found to disperse evenly on the surface of cotton fabrics. The ultraviolet (UV) protection factor (UPF) value of the ZnO-coated cotton fabrics was maintained at 122.5, and 99% reduction in bacterial load was observed against Gluconobacter cerinus even after five cycles of laundering. The PDA was found to be effective in fixing the ZnO seeds tightly on the surface of cotton fabrics, resulting in excellent durability of the coating of ZnO nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: ZnO nanoparticles; polydopamine; cotton fabrics; antimicrobial; UV protection ZnO nanoparticles; polydopamine; cotton fabrics; antimicrobial; UV protection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ran, J.; He, M.; Li, W.; Cheng, D.; Wang, X. Growing ZnO Nanoparticles on Polydopamine-Templated Cotton Fabrics for Durable Antimicrobial Activity and UV Protection. Polymers 2018, 10, 495.

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