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Polymers 2018, 10(2), 204; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10020204

Neodymium Recovery by Chitosan/Iron(III) Hydroxide [ChiFer(III)] Sorbent Material: Batch and Column Systems

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, ETSEIB, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
2
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, CEA/DRT/LITEN/DTBH/LTB, 17 rue des Martrys, 38054 Grenoble, France
3
School of Chemical Engineering, Universidad Técnica de Machala, UACQS, 070151 Machala, Ecuador
4
Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, EPSEVG, Av. Víctor Balaguer, s/n, 08800 Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 January 2018 / Revised: 11 February 2018 / Accepted: 16 February 2018 / Published: 19 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Chitin/Chitosan Characterization and Applications)
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Abstract

A low cost composite material was synthesized for neodymium recovery from dilute aqueous solutions. The in-situ production of the composite containing chitosan and iron(III) hydroxide (ChiFer(III)) was improved and the results were compared with raw chitosan particles. The sorbent was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray analyses (SEM-EDX). The equilibrium studies were performed using firstly a batch system, and secondly a continuous system. The sorption isotherms were fitted with the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Sips models; experimental data was better described with the Langmuir equation and the maximum sorption capacity was 13.8 mg g-1 at pH 4. The introduction of iron into the biopolymer matrix increases by four times the sorption uptake of the chitosan; the individual sorption capacity of iron (into the composite) was calculated as 30.9 mg Nd/g Fe. The experimental results of the columns were fitted adequately using the Thomas model. As an approach to Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets effluents, a synthetic dilute effluent was simulated at pH 4, in order to evaluate the selectivity of the sorbent material; the overshooting of boron in the column system confirmed the higher selectivity toward neodymium ions. The elution step was carried out using MilliQ-water with the pH set to 3.5 (dilute HCl solution). View Full-Text
Keywords: Boron; chitosan; iron(III) hydroxide; neodymium; sorption Boron; chitosan; iron(III) hydroxide; neodymium; sorption
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Demey, H.; Lapo, B.; Ruiz, M.; Fortuny, A.; Marchand, M.; Sastre, A.M. Neodymium Recovery by Chitosan/Iron(III) Hydroxide [ChiFer(III)] Sorbent Material: Batch and Column Systems. Polymers 2018, 10, 204.

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