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Polymers 2018, 10(2), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10020203

Effect of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane on the Melting, Structure, and Mechanical Behavior of Polyoxymethylene

Poznan University of Technology, Institute of Materials Technology, Polymer Processing Division, Piotrowo 3 Street, PL-61138 Poznan, Poland
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Received: 8 December 2017 / Revised: 13 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 17 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Processing-Structure-Properties Relationships in Polymers)
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Abstract

The effects of octakis[(3-glycidoxypropyl)dimethylsiloxy]octasilsesquioxane (GPOSS) on the crystallinity, crystal structure, morphology, and mechanical properties of polyoxymethylene (POM) and POM/GPOSS composites were investigated. The POM/GPOSS composites with varying concentrations of GPOSS nanoparticles (0.05–0.25 wt %) were prepared via melt blending. The structure of POM/GPOSS composites was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and polarized light microscopy (PLM). The mechanical properties were determined by standardized tensile tests. The morphology and dispersion of GPOSS nanoparticles in the POM matrix were investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. It was observed that the dispersion of the GPOSS nanoparticles was uniform. Based on DSC studies, it was found that the melting temperature, lamellar thickness, and the degree of crystallinity of the POM/GPOSS composites increased. The POM/GPOSS composites showed an increased Young’s modulus and tensile strength. Finally, compared with the pure POM, the addition of GPOSS reduced the spherulites’ size and improved the crystallinity of the POM, which demonstrates that the nucleation effect of GPOSS is favorable for the mechanical properties of POM. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyoxymethylene (POM); octakis[(3-glycidoxypropyl)dimethylsiloxy]octasilsesquioxane (GPOSS); composites; morphology; mechanical properties polyoxymethylene (POM); octakis[(3-glycidoxypropyl)dimethylsiloxy]octasilsesquioxane (GPOSS); composites; morphology; mechanical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Czarnecka-Komorowska, D.; Sterzynski, T. Effect of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane on the Melting, Structure, and Mechanical Behavior of Polyoxymethylene. Polymers 2018, 10, 203.

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