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Polymers 2018, 10(2), 131; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10020131

Thermal and Calorimetric Evaluations of Polyacrylonitrile Containing Covalently-Bound Phosphonate Groups

1
Belfast School of Architecture and the Built Environment, Ulster University, Newtownabbey BT37 0QB, Northern Ireland, UK
2
Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering, Victoria University, P.O. Box 14428, Melbourne, VIC 8001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 November 2017 / Revised: 20 January 2018 / Accepted: 21 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
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Abstract

One of the effective ways to enhance flame retardance of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is through a reactive route, primarily developed in our laboratories, which involved chemical modification reactions utilising phosphorus-containing comonomers. In the present study, diethyl(acryloyloxymethyl)phosphonate (DEAMP) and diethyl(1-acryloyloxyethyl)phosphonate (DE1AEP) were synthesised and copolymerised with acrylonitrile (AN), under radical initiation in an inert atmosphere, in aqueous slurries. The thermal degradation and combustion characteristics as well as the extent of flame retardation were mainly assessed with the aid of various thermo-analytical and calorimetric techniques. It was found that the incorporation of phosphonate groups in polymeric chains of PAN resulted in improved flame-retardant characteristics. Furthermore, it was observed that the actual chemical environment of the phosphorus atom in the acrylic phosphonate modifying groups has little effect on the overall thermal degradation and combustion behaviours of the modified PAN systems. It was also observed that the predominant mode of flame retardance occurred in the condensed phase. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyacrylonitrile; chemical modification; flame retardance; acrylic phosphonates; thermal degradation; combustion characteristics polyacrylonitrile; chemical modification; flame retardance; acrylic phosphonates; thermal degradation; combustion characteristics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tretsiakova-McNally, S.; Joseph, P. Thermal and Calorimetric Evaluations of Polyacrylonitrile Containing Covalently-Bound Phosphonate Groups. Polymers 2018, 10, 131.

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