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Open AccessArticle

Electrically Tunable-Focusing Liquid Crystal Microlens Array with Simple Electrode

1
School of Instrumentation and Optoelectronic Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2019, 9(8), 431; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst9080431
Received: 15 July 2019 / Revised: 16 August 2019 / Accepted: 16 August 2019 / Published: 20 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Liquid Crystal Optics and Physics: Recent Advances and Prospects)
An electrically tunable-focusing liquid crystal (LC) microlens array exhibiting a wide-range tunable focal length is proposed. The lower substrate has strip indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes, the upper substrate has periodic ITO electrodes with a certain gap coated on the inner surface., and an LC microlens is generated between the two strip electrodes. For each LC microlens, the gap between the top planar electrodes is directly above the center of the microlens. Unlike the conventional LC lens, the individual LC microlens is not coated with ITO electrodes on the central part of its upper and lower substrates, which helps to maintain the LC’s horizontal orientation. In the voltage-off state, the focal length of the microlens array is infinity because of the homogeneous LC alignment. At a given operating voltage, an ideal gradient refractive index distribution is induced over the homogeneous LC layer, which leads to the focusing effect. The simulation result shows that the focal length of the LC microlens could be gradually drawn to 0.381 mm with a change of voltage. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquid crystal; simple electrode; microlens array; wide focusing range liquid crystal; simple electrode; microlens array; wide focusing range
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tian, L.-L.; Chu, F.; Dou, H.; Li, L.; Wang, Q.-H. Electrically Tunable-Focusing Liquid Crystal Microlens Array with Simple Electrode. Crystals 2019, 9, 431.

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