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Open AccessArticle

Reactively Synthesized Porous Ti3SiC2 Compound and Its Mechanical Properties with Different Apertures

1
State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2020, 10(2), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10020082
Received: 14 January 2020 / Revised: 30 January 2020 / Accepted: 1 February 2020 / Published: 2 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intermetallic Compound)
Reactively synthesized porous Ti3SiC2 with different pore sizes was prepared using TiH2, Si and graphite powders as starting materials. The effect of pore size on the flexural stress–strain relationship, bending strength and flexural elastic modulus were investigated. The results show that the synthesized porous Ti3SiC2 intermetallic compounds have a characteristic of a high-purity MAX phase with typical laminate microstructure. When the average pore size decreases from 21.8 to 2.1 μm, the volume content of Ti3SiC2 phase ranges from 96.9% to 99.6%, and the porosity is in the range of 49.9% to 54.1%. The flexural stress–strain curves of porous Ti3SiC2 show a characteristic of two stages of elastic deformation and fracture. The flexural modulus is in the range of 13 to 70 GPa, which increases rapidly with further decrease of the pore size. A relation similar to the Hall–Petch equation between the mechanical property and the pore size was investigated for the porous material. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti3SiC2; intermetallic compound; porous material; mechanical property; pore size; elastic modulus Ti3SiC2; intermetallic compound; porous material; mechanical property; pore size; elastic modulus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, Y.; Liu, X.; Gao, H.; He, Y. Reactively Synthesized Porous Ti3SiC2 Compound and Its Mechanical Properties with Different Apertures. Crystals 2020, 10, 82. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10020082

AMA Style

Jiang Y, Liu X, Gao H, He Y. Reactively Synthesized Porous Ti3SiC2 Compound and Its Mechanical Properties with Different Apertures. Crystals. 2020; 10(2):82. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10020082

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiang, Yao; Liu, Xinli; Gao, Haiyan; He, Yuehui. 2020. "Reactively Synthesized Porous Ti3SiC2 Compound and Its Mechanical Properties with Different Apertures" Crystals 10, no. 2: 82. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10020082

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