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Open AccessArticle

Alkali-Activated Hybrid Concrete Based on Fly Ash and Its Application in the Production of High-Class Structural Blocks

Composites Materials Group (CENM), Universidad de Valle, Calle 13 #100-00, E44, Cali 760032, Colombia
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Crystals 2020, 10(10), 946; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10100946
Received: 1 October 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recycling Silicate-Bearing Waste Materials)
This article reports the production and characterization of a hybrid concrete based on the alkaline activation of a fly ash (FA) of Colombian origin, which was added with 10% Portland cement (OPC) in order to promote the compressive strength development at room temperature. The alkali-activated hybrid cement FA/OPC 90/10 was classified as a low heat reaction cement (type LH), according to American Society of Testing Materials, ASTM C1157; the compressive strength was of 31.56 MPa and of 22.68 MPa (28 days) at the levels of paste and standard mortar, respectively, with an initial setting time of 93.3 min. From this binder, a hybrid concrete was produced and classified as a structural type, with a compressive strength of 23.16 MPa and a flexural modulus of rupture of 5.32 MPa, at 28 days of curing. The global warming potential index (GWP 100), based on life cycle analysis, was 35% lower than the reference concrete based on 100% OPC. Finally, its use was validated in the manufacture of a solid block-type construction element, which reached a compressive strength of 21.9 MPa at 28 days, exceeding by 40.6% the minimum strength value established by the Colombia Technical Standard, NTC 4026 (13 MPa) to be classified as high class structural blocks. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkali-activated materials; geopolymers; hybrid cements; fly ash; concrete; structural blocks alkali-activated materials; geopolymers; hybrid cements; fly ash; concrete; structural blocks
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Rojas-Duque, O.; Espinosa, L.M.; Robayo-Salazar, R.A.; Mejía de Gutiérrez, R. Alkali-Activated Hybrid Concrete Based on Fly Ash and Its Application in the Production of High-Class Structural Blocks. Crystals 2020, 10, 946.

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