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Surface Display—An Alternative to Classic Enzyme Immobilization

Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(9), 728;
Received: 26 July 2019 / Revised: 23 August 2019 / Accepted: 26 August 2019 / Published: 28 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Immobilization of Enzymes)
Enzyme immobilization to solid matrices often presents a challenge due to protein conformation sensitivity, desired enzyme purity, and requirements for the particular carrier properties and immobilization technique. Surface display of enzymes at the cell walls of microorganisms presents an alternative that has been the focus of many research groups worldwide in different fields, such as biotechnology, energetics, pharmacology, medicine, and food technology. The range of systems by which a heterologous protein can be displayed at the cell surface allows the appropriate one to be found for almost every case. However, the efficiency of display systems is still quite low. The most frequently used yeast for the surface display of proteins is Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, apart from its many advantages, Saccharomyces cerevisiae has some disadvantages, such as low robustness in industrial applications, hyperglycosylation of some heterologous proteins, and relatively low efficiency of surface display. Thus, in the recent years the display systems for alternative yeast hosts with better performances including Pichia pastoris, Hansenula polymorpha, Blastobotrys adeninivorans, Yarrowia lipolytica, Kluyveromyces marxianus, and others have been developed. Different strategies of surface display aimed to increase the amount of displayed protein, including new anchoring systems and new yeast hosts are reviewed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface display; genetic immobilization; yeast cell wall; cell wall proteins surface display; genetic immobilization; yeast cell wall; cell wall proteins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lozančić, M.; Sk. Hossain, A.; Mrša, V.; Teparić, R. Surface Display—An Alternative to Classic Enzyme Immobilization. Catalysts 2019, 9, 728.

AMA Style

Lozančić M, Sk. Hossain A, Mrša V, Teparić R. Surface Display—An Alternative to Classic Enzyme Immobilization. Catalysts. 2019; 9(9):728.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lozančić, Mateja, Amir Sk. Hossain, Vladimir Mrša, and Renata Teparić. 2019. "Surface Display—An Alternative to Classic Enzyme Immobilization" Catalysts 9, no. 9: 728.

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