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Open AccessArticle

Two-Step Production of Neofructo-Oligosaccharides Using Immobilized Heterologous Aspergillus terreus 1F-Fructosyltransferase Expressed in Kluyveromyces lactis and Native Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous G6-Fructosyltransferase

1
Institute of Bioprocess Engineering and Pharmaceutical Technology, University of Applied Sciences Mittelhessen, 35390 Giessen, Germany
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Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, Justus-Liebig University of Giessen, 35390 Giessen, Germany
3
Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME), Project Group Bioresources, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26, 35392 Giessen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(8), 673; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9080673
Received: 10 July 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Immobilization of Enzymes)
Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are prebiotic low-calorie sweeteners that are synthesized by the transfer of fructose units from sucrose by enzymes known as fructosyltransferases. If these enzymes generate β-(2,6) glycosidic bonds, the resulting oligosaccharides belong to the neoseries (neoFOS). Here, we characterized the properties of three different fructosyltransferases using a design of experiments approach based on response surface methodology with a D-optimal design. The reaction time, pH, temperature, and substrate concentration were used as parameters to predict three responses: The total enzyme activity, the concentration of neoFOS and the neoFOS yield relative to the initial concentration of sucrose. We also conducted immobilization studies to establish a cascade reaction for neoFOS production with two different fructosyltransferases, achieving a total FOS yield of 47.02 ± 3.02%. The resulting FOS mixture included 53.07 ± 1.66 mM neonystose (neo-GF3) and 20.8 ± 1.91 mM neo-GF4. View Full-Text
Keywords: neofructo-oligosaccharides; prebiotic nutrition; fructosyltransferase; Lifetech ECR8285; Kluyveromyces lactis; Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous neofructo-oligosaccharides; prebiotic nutrition; fructosyltransferase; Lifetech ECR8285; Kluyveromyces lactis; Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous
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Burghardt, J.P.; Baas, M.; Gerlach, D.; Czermak, P. Two-Step Production of Neofructo-Oligosaccharides Using Immobilized Heterologous Aspergillus terreus 1F-Fructosyltransferase Expressed in Kluyveromyces lactis and Native Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous G6-Fructosyltransferase. Catalysts 2019, 9, 673.

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