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Open AccessArticle

Impregnation Protocols on Alumina Beads for Controlling the Preparation of Supported Metal Catalysts

1
Ircelyon, UMR 5256 CNRS, Univ. Lyon 1, 2 av. Albert Einstein, 69100 Villeurbanne, France
2
LSFC UMR 3080 CNRS/Saint-Gobain CREE, Saint-Gobain Research Provence, 550 avenue Alphonse Jauffret, 84300 Cavaillon, France
3
IEM, UMR5635 ENSCM, CNRS, Univ. Montpellier, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2019, 9(7), 577; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9070577
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 18 June 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 30 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structured Materials for Catalytic Applications)
Whereas the synthesis principles of supported metal catalysts are well documented in the open literature, impregnation protocols on shaped bodies represent sensitive industrial know-how and are, therefore, rarely found. We investigated various synthesis parameters for both wetness (WI) and dry (DI) impregnations to prepare Pd/γ–Al2O3 alumina beads. Two kinds of catalysts were achieved: homogeneously dispersed catalysts with no metal gradient across the beads and eggshell catalysts. A combination of optical images, Castaing microprobe analysis, elemental analysis, and TEM made it possible to discriminate between catalysts according to their metal loading, location across the bead diameter, and metal dispersion. Regardless of the macropore structure of the alumina beads, we found that volatile solvents (acetone) were preferred for preparing homogeneous catalysts by WI, whereas the use of a viscous aqueous solution (water/glycerol) in DI resulted in an eggshell-type catalyst. The atomic layer deposition (ALD) method was also investigated as a physical vapor phase deposition method for preparing eggshell catalysts. Representative-shaped catalysts were tested for CO oxidation as a model reaction in order to highlight the differences between catalysts with a homogeneous metal distribution (no metal gradient) and eggshell-type. View Full-Text
Keywords: impregnation; catalyst support; catalyst carrier; eggshell catalyst; homogeneously dispersed catalyst impregnation; catalyst support; catalyst carrier; eggshell catalyst; homogeneously dispersed catalyst
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Bueno, A.C.; Mayer, M.; Weber, M.; Bechelany, M.; Klotz, M.; Farrusseng, D. Impregnation Protocols on Alumina Beads for Controlling the Preparation of Supported Metal Catalysts. Catalysts 2019, 9, 577.

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