H-ZSM-5 Materials Embedded in an Amorphous Silica Matrix: Highly Selective Catalysts for Propylene in Methanol-to-Olefin Process
AbstractH-ZSM-5 materials embedded in an amorphous silica were successfully synthesized with three different Si/Al ratios (i.e., 40, 45, and 50). The presence of the MFI structure in the synthesized samples was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra-red (FT-IR), and solid state-nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) techniques. The morphology and textural properties of the samples were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), TEM, and N2-physisorption measurements. Furthermore, acidic properties of the synthesized catalysts have been studied by NH3-TPD and FT-IR spectroscopy of CO adsorption studies. Variation of the Si/Al ratio affected the crystal morphology, porosity, and particle size, as well as the strength and distribution of acid sites. The synthesized zeolite materials possessed low acid-site density and exhibited high catalytic activity in the methanol-to-olefin (MTO) reaction. To study the intermediate species responsible for catalyst deactivation, the MTO reaction was carried out at high temperature (500 °C) to accelerate catalyst deactivation. Interestingly, the synthesized catalysts offered high selectivity towards the formation of propylene (C3=), in comparison to a commercial microporous crystalline H-ZSM-5 with Si/Al = 40, under the same reaction conditions. The synthesized H-ZSM-5 materials offered a selectivity ratio of C3=/C2= 12, while it is around 2 for the commercial H-ZSM-5 sample. The formation of hydrocarbon species during MTO reaction over zeolite samples has been systematically studied with operando UV-vis spectroscopy and online gas chromatography. It is proposed that the strength and type of acid sites of catalyst play a role in propylene selectivity as well as the fast growing of active intermediate species. The effective conversion of methanol into propylene in the case of synthesized H-ZSM-5 materials was observed due to possession of weak acid sites. This effect is more pronounced in H-ZSM-5 sample with a Si/Al ratio of 45.
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Kamaluddin, H.S.; Basahel, S.N.; Narasimharao, K.; Mokhtar, M. H-ZSM-5 Materials Embedded in an Amorphous Silica Matrix: Highly Selective Catalysts for Propylene in Methanol-to-Olefin Process. Catalysts 2019, 9, 364.
Kamaluddin HS, Basahel SN, Narasimharao K, Mokhtar M. H-ZSM-5 Materials Embedded in an Amorphous Silica Matrix: Highly Selective Catalysts for Propylene in Methanol-to-Olefin Process. Catalysts. 2019; 9(4):364.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kamaluddin, Huda Sharbini; Basahel, Sulaiman Nassir; Narasimharao, Katabathini; Mokhtar, Mohamed. 2019. "H-ZSM-5 Materials Embedded in an Amorphous Silica Matrix: Highly Selective Catalysts for Propylene in Methanol-to-Olefin Process." Catalysts 9, no. 4: 364.
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