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Catalysts 2019, 9(4), 318; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9040318

Ex-Situ Electrochemical Characterization of IrO2 Synthesized by a Modified Adams Fusion Method for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction

1
South African Institute for Advanced Materials Chemistry (SAIAMC), University of the Western Cape, Robert Sobukwe Road, Bellville, Cape Town 7535, South Africa
2
Hydrogen Energy and Sonochemistry Research Group, Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 15 March 2019 / Accepted: 19 March 2019 / Published: 1 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrocatalysts in Hydrogen Storage and Fuel Cells)
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Abstract

The development of highly stable and active electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) has attracted significant research interest. IrO2 is known to show good stability during the OER however it is not known to be the most active. Thus, significant research has been dedicated to enhance the activity of IrO2 toward the OER. In this study, IrO2 catalysts were synthesized using a modified Adams fusion method. The Adams fusion method is simple and is shown to directly produce nano-sized metal oxides. The effect of the Ir precursor salt to the NaNO3 ratio and the fusion temperature on the OER activity of the synthesized IrO2 electrocatalysts, was investigated. The OER activity and durability of the IrO2 electrocatalysts were evaluated ex-situ via cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronopotentiometry (CP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). Physical properties of the IrO2 electrocatalysts were evaluated via X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results show that the addition of excess NaNO3 during the modified Adams fusion reaction is not a requirement and that higher synthesis temperatures results in IrO2 electrocatalysts with larger particle sizes and reduced electrocatalytic activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyzer (PEMWE); IrO2 electrocatalyst; modified Adams fusion method; oxygen evolution reaction polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyzer (PEMWE); IrO2 electrocatalyst; modified Adams fusion method; oxygen evolution reaction
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Felix, C.; Bladergroen, B.J.; Linkov, V.; Pollet, B.G.; Pasupathi, S. Ex-Situ Electrochemical Characterization of IrO2 Synthesized by a Modified Adams Fusion Method for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction. Catalysts 2019, 9, 318.

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