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Catalysts 2019, 9(3), 236; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9030236

Advanced Rhodococcus Biocatalysts for Environmental Biotechnologies

Institute of Ecology and Genetics of Microorganisms, Perm Federal Research Center, Perm State University, Perm, 614000, Russia
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Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 23 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 4 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocatalysts: Design and Application)
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Abstract

The review is devoted to biocatalysts based on actinobacteria of the genus Rhodococcus, which are promising for environmental biotechnologies. In the review, biotechnological advantages of Rhodococcus bacteria are evaluated, approaches used to develop robust and efficient biocatalysts are discussed, and their relevant applications are given. We focus on Rhodococcus cell immobilization in detail (methods of immobilization, criteria for strains and carriers, and optimization of process parameters) as the most efficient approach for stabilizing biocatalysts. It is shown that advanced Rhodococcus biocatalysts with improved working characteristics, enhanced stress tolerance, high catalytic activities, human and environment friendly, and commercially viable are developed, which are suitable for wastewater treatment, bioremediation, and biofuel production. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocatalysis; environmental biotechnologies; actinobacteria; Rhodococcus; whole cell biocatalysts; cell immobilization biocatalysis; environmental biotechnologies; actinobacteria; Rhodococcus; whole cell biocatalysts; cell immobilization
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Krivoruchko, A.; Kuyukina, M.; Ivshina, I. Advanced Rhodococcus Biocatalysts for Environmental Biotechnologies. Catalysts 2019, 9, 236.

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