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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Y Modified Ceria Support in Mono and Bimetallic Pd–Au Catalysts for Complete Benzene Oxidation

1
Institute of Catalysis, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
2
Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati, CNR, 90146 Palermo, Italy
3
Instituto de Ciencias Aplicadas y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, C.P. 04510 Mexico City, Mexico
4
Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-224 Warsaw, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2018, 8(7), 283; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8070283
Received: 21 June 2018 / Revised: 10 July 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 16 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structure–Activity Relationships in Catalysis)
Mono metallic and bimetallic Pd (1 wt. %)–Au (3 wt. %) catalysts were prepared using two ceria supports doped with 1 wt. % Y2O3. Yttrium was added by impregnation or co-precipitation. The catalyst synthesis was carried out by deposition–precipitation method, with sequential deposition–precipitation of palladium over previously loaded gold in the case of the bimetallic samples. The obtained materials, characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and temperature programmed reduction (TPR) techniques, were tested in the complete benzene oxidation (CBO). The results of the characterization analyses and the catalytic performance pointed to a close relationship between structural, redox, and catalytic properties of mono and bimetallic catalysts. Among the monometallic systems, Pd catalysts were more active as compared to the corresponding Au catalysts. The bimetallic systems exhibited the best combustion activity. In particular, over Pd–Au supported on Y-impregnated ceria, 100% of benzene conversion towards total oxidation at the temperature of 150 °C was obtained. Comparison of surface sensitive XPS results of fresh and spent catalysts ascertained the redox character of the reaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: Au; Pd and Pd–Au catalysts; Y-doped ceria; complete benzene oxidation Au; Pd and Pd–Au catalysts; Y-doped ceria; complete benzene oxidation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ilieva, L.; Venezia, A.M.; Petrova, P.; Pantaleo, G.; Liotta, L.F.; Zanella, R.; Kaszkur, Z.; Tabakova, T. Effect of Y Modified Ceria Support in Mono and Bimetallic Pd–Au Catalysts for Complete Benzene Oxidation. Catalysts 2018, 8, 283.

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