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Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources

Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
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Catalysts 2018, 8(2), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8020068
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 3 February 2018 / Published: 8 February 2018
The cost of biodiesel production relies on feedstock cost. Edible oil is unfavorable as a biodiesel feedstock because of its expensive price. Thus, non-edible crop oil, waste oil, and microalgae oil have been considered as alternative resources. Non-edible crop oil and waste cooking oil are more suitable for enzymatic transesterification because they include a large amount of free fatty acids. Recently, enzymes have been integrated with nanomaterials as immobilization carriers. Nanomaterials can increase biocatalytic efficiency. The development of a nano-immobilized enzyme is one of the key factors for cost-effective biodiesel production. This paper presents the technology development of nanomaterials, including nanoparticles (magnetic and non-magnetic), carbon nanotubes, and nanofibers, and their application to the nano-immobilization of biocatalysts. The current status of biodiesel production using a variety of nano-immobilized lipase is also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanomaterials; nano-immobilized enzyme; immobilization; biodiesel; lipase nanomaterials; nano-immobilized enzyme; immobilization; biodiesel; lipase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, K.H.; Lee, O.K.; Lee, E.Y. Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources. Catalysts 2018, 8, 68. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8020068

AMA Style

Kim KH, Lee OK, Lee EY. Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources. Catalysts. 2018; 8(2):68. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8020068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Keon H.; Lee, Ok K.; Lee, Eun Y. 2018. "Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources" Catalysts 8, no. 2: 68. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8020068

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