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Catalysts 2018, 8(2), 68;

Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources

Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 3 February 2018 / Published: 8 February 2018
PDF [1128 KB, uploaded 8 February 2018]


The cost of biodiesel production relies on feedstock cost. Edible oil is unfavorable as a biodiesel feedstock because of its expensive price. Thus, non-edible crop oil, waste oil, and microalgae oil have been considered as alternative resources. Non-edible crop oil and waste cooking oil are more suitable for enzymatic transesterification because they include a large amount of free fatty acids. Recently, enzymes have been integrated with nanomaterials as immobilization carriers. Nanomaterials can increase biocatalytic efficiency. The development of a nano-immobilized enzyme is one of the key factors for cost-effective biodiesel production. This paper presents the technology development of nanomaterials, including nanoparticles (magnetic and non-magnetic), carbon nanotubes, and nanofibers, and their application to the nano-immobilization of biocatalysts. The current status of biodiesel production using a variety of nano-immobilized lipase is also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanomaterials; nano-immobilized enzyme; immobilization; biodiesel; lipase nanomaterials; nano-immobilized enzyme; immobilization; biodiesel; lipase

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Kim, K.H.; Lee, O.K.; Lee, E.Y. Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources. Catalysts 2018, 8, 68.

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