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Photocatalytic and Sonocatalytic Degradation of EDTA and Rhodamine B over Ti0 and [email protected]2 Nanoparticles

ICSM, Univ Montpellier, UMR 5257, CEA-CNRS-UM-ENSCM, Marcoule, F-30207 Bagnols sur Cèze, France
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Academic Editors: Juan José Rueda-Márquez, Javier Moreno-Andrés and Irina Levchuk
Catalysts 2021, 11(8), 928; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11080928
Received: 24 June 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 24 July 2021 / Published: 30 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Environmental Applications of Advanced Oxidation Processes)
Herein, we report a comparative study of photocatalytic (Xe-lamp) and sonocatalytic (345 kHz power ultrasound) degradation of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and Rhodamine B (RhB) in the presence of Ti0 and [email protected]2 core-shell nanoparticles (NPs). [email protected]2 NPs have been obtained by sonohydrothermal treatment (20 kHz, 200 °C) of commercially available Ti0 NPs in pure water. The obtained material is composed of quasi-spherical Ti0 particles (30–150 nm) coated by 5–15 nm crystals of anatase. In contrast to pristine TiO2, the [email protected]2 NPs exhibit the extend photo response from UV to NIR light region due to the light absorption by nonplasmonic Ti core. EDTA can be oxidized effectively by photocatalysis in the presence of [email protected]2 NPs. By contrast, air passivated Ti0 nanoparticles was found to be inactive in the photocatalytic process for both EDTA and RhB. Photocatalytic degradation of EDTA over [email protected]2 NPs exhibits strong photothermal effect, which has been attributed to the higher yield of oxidizing radicals produced by light at higher bulk temperature. The efficiency of RhB photocatalytic degradation depends strongly on RhB concentration. At [RhB] ≥ 1 × 10−3 M, its photocatalytic degradation is not feasible due to a strong self-absorption. At lower concentrations, RhB photocatalytic degradation is observed, but at lower efficiency compared to EDTA. We found that the efficient sonochemical degradation of RhB does not require the presence of any catalysts. For both processes, EDTA and RhB, sonochemical and photocatalytic processes are more effective in the presence of Ar/O2 gas mixture compared to pure Ar. The obtained results suggest that the choice of the optimal technology for organic pollutants degradation can be determined by their optical and complexing properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic pollutants; rhodamine B; EDTA; photocatalysis; photothermal; sonocatalysis; environmental remediation; titanium; nanoparticles organic pollutants; rhodamine B; EDTA; photocatalysis; photothermal; sonocatalysis; environmental remediation; titanium; nanoparticles
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MDPI and ACS Style

El Hakim, S.; Chave, T.; Nikitenko, S.I. Photocatalytic and Sonocatalytic Degradation of EDTA and Rhodamine B over Ti0 and [email protected]2 Nanoparticles. Catalysts 2021, 11, 928. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11080928

AMA Style

El Hakim S, Chave T, Nikitenko SI. Photocatalytic and Sonocatalytic Degradation of EDTA and Rhodamine B over Ti0 and [email protected]2 Nanoparticles. Catalysts. 2021; 11(8):928. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11080928

Chicago/Turabian Style

El Hakim, Sara, Tony Chave, and Sergey I. Nikitenko. 2021. "Photocatalytic and Sonocatalytic Degradation of EDTA and Rhodamine B over Ti0 and [email protected]2 Nanoparticles" Catalysts 11, no. 8: 928. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11080928

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