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Open AccessArticle

An Efficient Group-Based Control Signalling within Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol

1
Department of Communication Technology and Network, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor D.E., Malaysia
2
Sports Academy, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor D.E, Malaysia
3
College of Arts and Sciences, University of Bisha, Bisha 67714, Al-Namas, Saudi Arabia
4
Faculty of Computer Sciences and Information Technology, Sana’a University, Sana’a 15542, Yemen
5
Biotechnology Research Center, Tripoli 30313, Libya
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Computers 2019, 8(4), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/computers8040075
Received: 13 June 2019 / Revised: 21 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 4 October 2019
Providing a seamless handover in the Internet of Thing (IoT) applications with minimal efforts is a big challenge in mobility management protocols. Several research efforts have been attempted to maintain the connectivity of nodes while performing mobility-related signalling, in order to enhance the system performance. However, these studies still fall short at the presence of short-term continuous movements of mobile nodes within the same network, which is a requirement in several applications. In this paper, we propose an efficient group-based handoff scheme for the Mobile Nodes (MNs) in order to reduce the nodes handover during their roaming. This scheme is named Enhanced Cluster Sensor Proxy Mobile IPv6 (E-CSPMIPv6). E-CSPMIPv6 introduces a fast handover scheme by implementing two mechanisms. In the first mechanism, we cluster mobile nodes that are moving as a group in order to register them at a prior time of their actual handoff. In the second mechanism, we manipulate the mobility-related signalling of the MNs triggering their handover signalling simultaneously. The efficiency of the proposed scheme is validated through extensive simulation experiments and numerical analyses in comparison to the state-of-the-art mobility management protocols under different scenarios and operation conditions. The results demonstrate that the E-CSPMIPv6 scheme significantly improves the overall system performance, by reducing handover delay, signalling cost and end-to-end delay. View Full-Text
Keywords: proxy mobile IPv6; IP-WSN; mobility management protocols; handover latency; clustered PMIPv6 protocols; signalling cost proxy mobile IPv6; IP-WSN; mobility management protocols; handover latency; clustered PMIPv6 protocols; signalling cost
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghaleb, S.M.; Subramaniam, S.; Ghaleb, M.; Mohamed E. Ejmaa, A. An Efficient Group-Based Control Signalling within Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol. Computers 2019, 8, 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/computers8040075

AMA Style

Ghaleb SM, Subramaniam S, Ghaleb M, Mohamed E. Ejmaa A. An Efficient Group-Based Control Signalling within Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol. Computers. 2019; 8(4):75. https://doi.org/10.3390/computers8040075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ghaleb, Safwan M.; Subramaniam, Shamala; Ghaleb, Mukhtar; Mohamed E. Ejmaa, Ali. 2019. "An Efficient Group-Based Control Signalling within Proxy Mobile IPv6 Protocol" Computers 8, no. 4: 75. https://doi.org/10.3390/computers8040075

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