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Cancers 2017, 9(10), 136; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers9100136

Radiation-Induced Changes of microRNA Expression Profiles in Radiosensitive and Radioresistant Leukemia Cell Lines with Different Levels of Chromosome Abnormalities

1
Laboratory of Molecular and Cell Biology, S.P. Kapitsa Research Institute of Technology, Ulyanovsk State University, 42 Lva Tolstogo St., Ulyanovsk 432017, Russia
2
Department of Bioenergetics and Food Analysis, Faculty of Biology and Agriculture, University of Rzeszow, Ćwiklińskiej St., 35-601 Rzeszów, Poland
3
Department of General and Clinical Pharmacology and Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ulyanovsk State University, 42 Lva Tolstogo St., Ulyanovsk 432017, Russia
4
S.P. Kapitsa Research Institute of Technology, Ulyanovsk State University, 42 Lva Tolstogo St., Ulyanovsk 432017, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 September 2017 / Revised: 7 October 2017 / Accepted: 10 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radiation-Induced Carcinogenesis)
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Abstract

In our study, we estimate an effect from chromosome aberrations and genome mutations on changes in microRNA expression profiles in cancer cell lines demonstrating different radiosensitivity. Here, cell viability and microRNA spectrum have been estimated 1, 4, and 24 h after irradiation. MiSeq high-throughput sequencing system (Illumina, San Diego, CA, USA) is employed to perform microRNA spectrum estimation. In the K562 cell line, the number of expressed microRNAs in chromosomes demonstrates a more pronounced variation. An analysis of microRNA effects on signaling pathway activity demonstrates differences in post-transcriptional regulation of the expression of genes included into 40 signaling pathways. In the K562 cell line, microRNA dynamics analyzed for their dependence on chromosome localization show a wider scattering of microRNA expression values for a pair of chromosomes compared to the HL-60 cell line. An analysis of microRNAs expression in the K562 and HL-60 cell lines after irradiation has shown that chromosome abnormalities can affect microRNA expression changes. A study of radiation-induced changes of microRNA expression profiles in the K562 and HL-60 cell lines has revealed a dependence of microRNA expression changes on the number of chromosome aberrations and genome mutations. View Full-Text
Keywords: radioresistance; radiosensitivity; microRNA; signaling pathway; gene expression radioresistance; radiosensitivity; microRNA; signaling pathway; gene expression
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Liamina, D.; Sibirnyj, W.; Khokhlova, A.; Saenko, V.; Rastorgueva, E.; Fomin, A.; Saenko, Y. Radiation-Induced Changes of microRNA Expression Profiles in Radiosensitive and Radioresistant Leukemia Cell Lines with Different Levels of Chromosome Abnormalities. Cancers 2017, 9, 136.

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