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Physical Activity and Long-Term Risk of Breast Cancer, Associations with Time in Life and Body Composition in the Prospective Malmö Diet and Cancer Study

Department of Clinical Science Lund, Oncology, Lund University and Skåne University Hospital, 221 85 Lund, Sweden
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Academic Editors: Andrea Manni and Karam El Bayoumy
Cancers 2022, 14(8), 1960; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14081960
Received: 15 March 2022 / Revised: 8 April 2022 / Accepted: 9 April 2022 / Published: 13 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lifestyle Modifications and Breast Cancer Risk)
Regular physical activity has long been recognized as an important preventive measure against many chronic diseases including breast cancer. Whether the benefits differ by time in life or body composition are yet to be answered. With this research, we aimed to expand the knowledge regarding the association between physical activity and breast cancer risk. We confirmed an overall 23% lower long-term breast cancer risk among women engaging in high (corresponding to >1 h daily walking per week) vs. low physical activity and showed that physical activity exerts its greatest benefits to women during or after menopause, or among women with body compositions (waist circumference, body fat, or BMI) in the upper-normal-to-overweight range.
Being physically active as part of everyday life reduces breast cancer risk. Less is known whether the benefits of an active lifestyle differ depending on the timing of physical activity in life or anthropometric characteristics. The aim of this study was to bring further insights to the association of physical activity in relation to menopausal status and body composition with breast cancer risk by making use of a prospective Swedish cohort (Malmö Diet and Cancer Study) with long-term follow-up. Physical activity information of 15,983 participants for the past 12 months prior to study entry was assessed according to metabolic equivalent task (MET)-hours/week to integrate duration and intensity of reported activities. During 23.2 years median follow-up, 1302 invasive breast cancers occurred. Women reporting a high physical activity at study baseline, corresponding to >1 h daily walking/week (≥28.5 MET-h/week), had a 23% lower long-term breast cancer risk (HRadj = 0.77, 95% CI 0.66–0.90) than those reporting low physical activity, being most pronounced among perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, and women with waist circumference, body fat percentage, or BMI in the upper-normal and overweight range. For premenopausal women or women having obesity or the largest body composition, high physical activity alone did not modify the breast cancer risk, suggesting additional preventive measures indicated in these groups to reduce the long-term risk of breast cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; physical activity; menopausal status; body composition breast cancer; physical activity; menopausal status; body composition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boraka, Ö.; Klintman, M.; Rosendahl, A.H. Physical Activity and Long-Term Risk of Breast Cancer, Associations with Time in Life and Body Composition in the Prospective Malmö Diet and Cancer Study. Cancers 2022, 14, 1960. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14081960

AMA Style

Boraka Ö, Klintman M, Rosendahl AH. Physical Activity and Long-Term Risk of Breast Cancer, Associations with Time in Life and Body Composition in the Prospective Malmö Diet and Cancer Study. Cancers. 2022; 14(8):1960. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14081960

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boraka, Öykü, Marie Klintman, and Ann H. Rosendahl. 2022. "Physical Activity and Long-Term Risk of Breast Cancer, Associations with Time in Life and Body Composition in the Prospective Malmö Diet and Cancer Study" Cancers 14, no. 8: 1960. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers14081960

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