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Article

Successful Patient-Derived Organoid Culture of Gynecologic Cancers for Disease Modeling and Drug Sensitivity Testing

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
2
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
3
Department of Pathology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors contributed equally as co-first author.
Academic Editor: Bo Ruben Rueda
Cancers 2021, 13(12), 2901; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13122901
Received: 4 March 2021 / Revised: 26 May 2021 / Accepted: 6 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
In the conventional treatment of gynecologic malignancies, most patients receive similar ‘one-size-fits-all’ treatment. However, it is increasingly clear that standard therapies do not work in every patient, and it would be very helpful to have pretreatment predictive assays to provide more personalized regimens. In this study, we describe the routine, successful establishment of patient-derived organoid models (PDOs) of endometrial and ovarian cancer tissues from consenting patients and provide an example of how information from drug screening in PDOs may be a useful predictor of patient response to therapy.
Developing reliable experimental models that can predict clinical response before treating the patient is a high priority in gynecologic cancer research, especially in advanced or recurrent endometrial and ovarian cancers. Patient-derived organoids (PDOs) represent such an opportunity. Herein, we describe our successful creation of 43 tumor organoid cultures and nine adjacent normal tissue organoid cultures derived from patients with endometrial or ovarian cancer. From an initial set of 45 tumor tissues and seven ascites fluid samples harvested at surgery, 83% grew as organoids. Drug sensitivity testing and organoid cell viability assays were performed in 19 PDOs, a process that was accomplished within seven days of obtaining the initial surgical tumor sample. Sufficient numbers of cells were obtained to facilitate testing of the most commonly used agents for ovarian and endometrial cancer. The models reflected a range of sensitivity to platinum-containing chemotherapy as well as other relevant agents. One PDO from a patient treated prior to surgery with neoadjuvant trastuzumab successfully predicted the patient’s postoperative chemotherapy and trastuzumab resistance. In addition, the PDO drug sensitivity assay identified alternative treatment options that are currently used in the second-line setting. Our findings suggest that PDOs could be used as a preclinical platform for personalized cancer therapy for gynecologic cancer patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: patient-derived organoids (PDOs); endometrial cancer; ovarian cancer; drug sensitivity testing; personalized medicine patient-derived organoids (PDOs); endometrial cancer; ovarian cancer; drug sensitivity testing; personalized medicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bi, J.; Newtson, A.M.; Zhang, Y.; Devor, E.J.; Samuelson, M.I.; Thiel, K.W.; Leslie, K.K. Successful Patient-Derived Organoid Culture of Gynecologic Cancers for Disease Modeling and Drug Sensitivity Testing. Cancers 2021, 13, 2901. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13122901

AMA Style

Bi J, Newtson AM, Zhang Y, Devor EJ, Samuelson MI, Thiel KW, Leslie KK. Successful Patient-Derived Organoid Culture of Gynecologic Cancers for Disease Modeling and Drug Sensitivity Testing. Cancers. 2021; 13(12):2901. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13122901

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bi, Jianling, Andreea M. Newtson, Yuping Zhang, Eric J. Devor, Megan I. Samuelson, Kristina W. Thiel, and Kimberly K. Leslie 2021. "Successful Patient-Derived Organoid Culture of Gynecologic Cancers for Disease Modeling and Drug Sensitivity Testing" Cancers 13, no. 12: 2901. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13122901

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