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Open AccessArticle

Oligo-Fucoidan Prevents M2 Macrophage Differentiation and HCT116 Tumor Progression

Institute of Molecular and Genomic Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan
National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 20224, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2020, 12(2), 421;
Received: 18 January 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during intracellular metabolism or triggered by extrinsic factors can promote neoplastic transformation and malignant microenvironment that mediate tumor development. Oligo-Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide isolated from the brown seaweed. Using human THP-1 monocytes and murine Raw264.7 macrophages as well as human HCT116 colorectal cancer cells, primary C6P2-L1 colorectal cancer cells and human MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells, we investigated the effect of Oligo-Fucoidan on inhibiting M2 macrophage differentiation and its therapeutic potential as a supplement in chemotherapy and tumor prevention. We now demonstrate that Oligo-Fucoidan is an antioxidant that suppresses intracellular ROS and mitochondrial superoxide levels in monocytes/macrophages and in aggressive cancer cells. Comparable to ROS inhibitors (DPI and NAC), Oligo-Fucoidan directly induced monocyte polarization toward M1-like macrophages and repolarized M2 macrophages into M1 phenotypes. DPI and Oligo-Fucoidan also cooperatively prevented M2 macrophage invasiveness. Indirectly, M1 polarity was advanced particularly when DPI suppressed ROS generation and supplemented with Oligo-Fucoidan in the cancer cells. Moreover, cisplatin chemoagent polarized monocytes and M0 macrophages toward M2-like phenotypes and Oligo-Fucoidan supplementation reduced these side effects. Furthermore, Oligo-Fucoidan promoted cytotoxicity of cisplatin and antagonized cisplatin effect on cancer cells to prevent M2 macrophage differentiation. More importantly, Oligo-Fucoidan inhibited tumor progression and M2 macrophage infiltration in tumor microenvironment, thus increasing of anti-tumor immunity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Oligo-Fucoidan; antioxidant; cisplatin; ROS; M1/M2 macrophages; tumor progression Oligo-Fucoidan; antioxidant; cisplatin; ROS; M1/M2 macrophages; tumor progression
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Chen, L.-M.; Tseng, H.-Y.; Chen, Y.-A.; Al Haq, A.T.; Hwang, P.-A.; Hsu, H.-L. Oligo-Fucoidan Prevents M2 Macrophage Differentiation and HCT116 Tumor Progression. Cancers 2020, 12, 421.

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