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Inhibition of PP2A with LB-100 Enhances Efficacy of CAR-T Cell Therapy Against Glioblastoma

Neuro-Oncology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
Surgical Neurology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Lixte Biotechnology Holdings, Inc., East Setauket, NY 11733, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2020, 12(1), 139;
Received: 13 November 2019 / Revised: 31 December 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2020 / Published: 6 January 2020
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T cells represent a promising modality for treating glioblastoma. Recently, we demonstrated that CAR-T cells targeting carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), a protein involved in HIF-1a hypoxic signaling, is a promising CAR-T cell target in an intracranial murine glioblastoma model. Anti-CAIX CAR-T cell therapy is limited by its suboptimal activation within the tumor microenvironment. LB-100, a small molecular inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), has been shown to enhance T cell anti-tumor activity through activation of the mTOR signaling pathway. Herein, we investigated if a treatment strategy consisting of a combination of LB-100 and anti-CAIX CAR-T cell therapy produced a synergistic anti-tumor effect. Our studies demonstrate that LB-100 enhanced anti-CAIX CAR-T cell treatment efficacy in vitro and in vivo. Our findings demonstrate the role of LB-100 in augmenting the cytotoxic activity of anti-CAIX CAR-T cells and underscore the synergistic therapeutic potential of applying combination LB-100 and CAR-T Cell therapy to other solid tumors. View Full-Text
Keywords: CAR-T; LB-100; CAIX; PP2A; glioblastoma CAR-T; LB-100; CAIX; PP2A; glioblastoma
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Cui, J.; Wang, H.; Medina, R.; Zhang, Q.; Xu, C.; Indig, I.H.; Zhou, J.; Song, Q.; Dmitriev, P.; Sun, M.Y.; Guo, L.; Wang, Y.; Rosenblum, J.S.; Kovach, J.S.; Gilbert, M.R.; Zhuang, Z. Inhibition of PP2A with LB-100 Enhances Efficacy of CAR-T Cell Therapy Against Glioblastoma. Cancers 2020, 12, 139.

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