Next Article in Journal
The Molecular Hallmarks of the Serrated Pathway in Colorectal Cancer
Next Article in Special Issue
The Multifaceted Roles of Pyroptotic Cell Death Pathways in Cancer
Previous Article in Journal
Platelets as Key Factors in Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Previous Article in Special Issue
Docosahexaenoic Acid Enhances Oxaliplatin-Induced Autophagic Cell Death via the ER Stress/Sesn2 Pathway in Colorectal Cancer
Open AccessArticle

LdrB Toxin with In Vitro and In Vivo Antitumor Activity as a Potential Tool for Cancer Gene Therapy

1
Biopathology and Regenerative Medicine Institute (IBIMER), Centre for Biomedical Research, University of Granada, E-18100 Granada, Spain
2
Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, E-18012 Granada, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs.GRANADA, University Hospitals of Granada-University of Granada, 18012 Granada, Spain
4
Research Unit “Modeling Nature” (MNat), University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
5
Fundamental Biology Service, Scientific Instrument Center, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cancers 2019, 11(7), 1016; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11071016
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 16 July 2019 / Accepted: 18 July 2019 / Published: 20 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cell Death in Cancer)
Due to the high prevalence of cancer in recent years, it is necessary to develop new and more effective therapies that produce fewer side effects. Development of gene therapy for cancer based on the use of suicide genes that can damage the tumor cell, without requiring a prodrug for its lethal effect, is one of the recent foci of gene therapy strategies. We evaluated the cytotoxic impact of the LdrB toxin from Escherichia coli k12 as a possible tool for cancer gene therapy. For that, colorectal and breast cancer cells were transfected under the control of a TRE3G promoter inducible by doxycycline. Our results showed that ldrB gene expression induced a drastic inhibition of proliferation in vitro, in both 2D and 3D experimental models. Moreover, unlike conventional chemotherapy, the ldrB gene induced a severe loss of proliferation in vivo without any side effects in our animal model. This antitumor outcome was modulated by cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase and apoptotic death. Scanning electronic microscopy demonstrates that the LdrB toxin conserves its pore-forming ability in HCT-116 cells as in E. coli k12. Taken together, our results provide, for the first time, a proof of concept of the antitumor capacity of the ldrB gene in colorectal and breast cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide gene therapy; ldrB gene; colorectal cancer; breast cancer; apoptosis; cell cycle arrest suicide gene therapy; ldrB gene; colorectal cancer; breast cancer; apoptosis; cell cycle arrest
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jiménez-Martínez, Y.; Griñán-Lisón, C.; Khaldy, H.; Martín, A.; Cambrils, A.; Ibáñez Grau, A.; Jiménez, G.; Marchal, J.A.; Boulaiz, H. LdrB Toxin with In Vitro and In Vivo Antitumor Activity as a Potential Tool for Cancer Gene Therapy. Cancers 2019, 11, 1016.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop