Next Article in Journal
Impact of Extrinsic and Intrinsic Hypoxia on Catecholamine Biosynthesis in Absence or Presence of Hif2α in Pheochromocytoma Cells
Next Article in Special Issue
Polymorphism in Toll-Like Receptors and Helicobacter Pylori Motility in Autoimmune Atrophic Gastritis and Gastric Cancer
Previous Article in Journal
How Anesthetic, Analgesic and Other Non-Surgical Techniques During Cancer Surgery Might Affect Postoperative Oncologic Outcomes: A Summary of Current State of Evidence
Previous Article in Special Issue
Novel Insights of Lymphomagenesis of Helicobacter pylori-Dependent Gastric Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Efficacy and Long-Term Safety of H. pylori Eradication for Gastric Cancer Prevention

1,2,3, 1,2, 4,*,† and 1,2,*,†
1
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 10002, Taiwan
2
Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 10002, Taiwan
3
Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Cancer Center, Taipei 106, Taiwan
4
Microbiome Research Centre, St George & Sutherland Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2217, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-senior authors.
Cancers 2019, 11(5), 593; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11050593
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 25 April 2019 / Published: 28 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Helicobacter pylori Associated Cancer)
  |  
PDF [1804 KB, uploaded 28 April 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been shown to be a causal factor of gastric cancer in cohort studies and animal models. Meta-analysis of case-control studies nested within prospective cohorts showed that H. pylori infection was associated with a 5.9-fold increased risk of non-cardia gastric cancer. Prospective cohort studies showed that gastric cancer developed in 1–4% of H. pylori-infected subjects. Gastric cancer was successfully induced in Mongolian gerbils and insulin-gastrin (INS-GAS) transgenic mice after inoculation of H. pylori. Meta-analysis of randomized control trials also showed that eradication of H. pylori may reduce the risk of gastric cancer. However, there are several concerns regarding the widespread use of antibiotics to prevent gastric cancer, including the emergence of antibiotic resistance and the perturbation of gut microbiota after H. pylori eradication. Recent studies showed that eradication of H. pylori resulted in an increase in the bacterial diversity and restoration of the relative abundance of other bacteria to levels similar to H. pylori non-infected subjects in the gastric microbiota. The administration of antibiotics may also alter the composition of intestinal microbiota. The α-diversity and β-diversity of fecal microbiota are significantly altered immediately after H. pylori eradication but are gradually restored to levels similar to those before therapy. Yet, the rate of recovery varies with regimens. The diversity was restored at week 8 after triple therapy but was not yet fully recovered at 1 year after concomitant and quadruple therapies. Some studies showed that supplementation of probiotics may reduce the dysbiosis during H. pylori eradication therapy. Although some earlier studies showed high levels of macrolide resistance after triple therapy, recent studies showed that the increased antibiotic resistance rate may be restored 2–12 months after eradication therapy. These results collectively provide evidence of the long-term safety of H. pylori eradication. Yet, more prospective cohort studies and randomized trials are warranted to assess the efficacy and long-term safety of H. pylori eradication for gastric cancer prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: H. pylori; screening; eradication; gastric cancer prevention; efficacy; safety H. pylori; screening; eradication; gastric cancer prevention; efficacy; safety
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liou, J.-M.; Lee, Y.-C.; El-Omar, E.M.; Wu, M.-S. Efficacy and Long-Term Safety of H. pylori Eradication for Gastric Cancer Prevention. Cancers 2019, 11, 593.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Cancers EISSN 2072-6694 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top