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Cancers 2019, 11(3), 315; https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11030315

NGFI-A Binding Protein 2 Promotes EGF-Dependent HNSCC Cell Invasion

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-412, Korea
2
Research Division, MIRCORE, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 January 2019 / Revised: 28 February 2019 / Accepted: 1 March 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
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Abstract

NGFI-A binding protein 2 (NAB2) represses the transcriptional activation of early growth response protein-1 (EGR1), a tumor-suppressor. However, Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) promotes tumor progression even with significant EGR1 upregulation. The molecular mechanism through which NAB2 is involved in cancer is largely unknown. Therefore, we evaluated how the NAB2-mediated suppression of EGR1 facilitates head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cancer progression, in association with Sp1, which competes with EGR1 as a transcriptional regulator. The effect of NAB2 on EGR1/SP1 binding to the consensus promoter sequences of MMP2 and MMP9 was evaluated by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and promoter luciferase assay. The correlation between EGR1-NAB2 expression and metastatic status was investigated using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) for HNSCC patients. Our data showed that NAB2 knockdown in FaDu and YD-10B HNSCC cells alleviated EGF-dependent increase of Matrigel invasion. In addition, NAB2 upregulation in EGF-treated FaDu cell diminishes EGR1 transcriptional activity, resulting in the upregulation of Sp1-dependent tumor-promoting genes. TCGA data analysis of 483 HNSCC tumors showed that higher levels of both EGR1 and NAB2 mRNA were significantly associated with metastasis, corresponding to in vitro results. Our data suggest that NAB2 upregulation facilitates EGF-mediated cancer cell invasion through the transactivation of Sp1-dependent tumor-promoting genes. These results provide insight into the paradoxical roles of EGF-EGR1 in cancer progression. View Full-Text
Keywords: head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; epidermal growth factor; NGFI-A binding protein 2; early growth response 1; Sp1; the cancer genome atlas head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; epidermal growth factor; NGFI-A binding protein 2; early growth response 1; Sp1; the cancer genome atlas
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Kim, J.; Kang, S.-M.; Oh, S.Y.; Lee, H.-J.; Lee, I.; Hwang, J.-C.; Hong, S.-H. NGFI-A Binding Protein 2 Promotes EGF-Dependent HNSCC Cell Invasion. Cancers 2019, 11, 315.

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