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New Detector Sensitivity Calibration and the Calculation of the Interaction Force between Particles Using an Optical Tweezer
Open AccessArticle

Single Cell Isolation Using Optical Tweezers

Institute of Biological Chemistry, Biophysics and Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
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Micromachines 2018, 9(9), 434; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9090434
Received: 23 June 2018 / Revised: 1 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optical Manipulation of Cells: Strategies and Devices)
Optical tweezers offer a non-contact method for selecting single cells and translocating them from one microenvironment to another. We have characterized the optical tweezing of yeast S. cerevisiae and can manipulate single cells at 0.41 ± 0.06 mm/s using a 26.8 ± 0.1 mW from a 785 nm diode laser. We have fabricated and tested three cell isolation devices; a micropipette, a PDMS chip and a laser machined fused silica chip and we have isolated yeast, single bacteria and cyanobacteria cells. The most effective isolation was achieved in PDMS chips, where single yeast cells were grown and observed for 18 h without contamination. The duration of budding in S. cerevisiae was not affected by the laser parameters used, but the time from tweezing until the first budding event began increased with increasing laser energy (laser power × time). Yeast cells tweezed using 25.0 ± 0.1 mW for 1 min were viable after isolation. We have constructed a micro-consortium of yeast cells, and a co-culture of yeast and bacteria, using optical tweezers in combination with the PDMS network of channels and isolation chambers, which may impact on both industrial biotechnology and understanding pathogen dynamics. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical tweezers; optical trap; PDMS devices; single cells optical tweezers; optical trap; PDMS devices; single cells
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Keloth, A.; Anderson, O.; Risbridger, D.; Paterson, L. Single Cell Isolation Using Optical Tweezers. Micromachines 2018, 9, 434.

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