Inertial microfluidics is a promising tool for a label-free particle manipulation for microfluidics technology. It can be utilized for particle separation based on size and shape, as well as focusing of particles. Prediction of particles’ trajectories is essential for the design of inertial microfluidic devices. At this point, numerical modeling is an important tool to understand the underlying physics and assess the performance of devices. A Monte Carlo-type computational model based on a Lagrangian discrete phase model is developed to simulate the particle trajectories in a spiral microchannel for inertial microfluidics. The continuous phase (flow field) is solved without the presence of a discrete phase (particles) using COMSOL Multi-physics. Once the flow field is obtained, the trajectory of particles is determined in the post-processing step via the COMSOL-MATLAB interface. To resemble the operation condition of the device, the random inlet position of the particles, many particles are simulated with random initial locations from the inlet of the microchannel. The applicability of different models for the inertial forces is discussed. The computational model is verified with experimental results from the literature. Different cases in a spiral channel with aspect ratios of 2.0 and 9.0 are simulated. The simulation results for the spiral channel with an aspect ratio of 9.0 are compared against the experimental data. The results reveal that despite certain limitations of our model, the current computational model satisfactorily predicts the location and the width of the focusing streams.
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