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Micromachines 2018, 9(11), 574; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9110574

Research on the Relationship between Cutting Force and Machined Surface Quality in Micro Ball End-Milling of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystal

1,2,* , 2
,
2,* , 1
and
1
1
College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
2
Center for Precision Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 October 2018 / Revised: 30 October 2018 / Accepted: 2 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
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Abstract

Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP or KH2PO4) crystal is widely used as terminal frequency converters in inertial confinement fusion (ICF). However, KDP crystal is a typical difficult-to-cut optical crystal with the characteristic of soft-brittle. In this work, the relationship between cutting force and processed surface quality in micro ball end-milling of KDP crystal with various depth of cut and spindle speed is studied by carried out the micro-milling experiments. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) algorithm is used to diagnose the recorded cutting force. The periodic change of cutting force and the cutting force after filtering noises can be got through FFT analysis. Through calculating the correlation coefficients between the static component of thrust force and roughness value Ra of machined grooves, as well as the peak-valley (P-V) value of thrust force and dimensional error of machined grooves, the roughness value Ra and dimensional error of machined grooves would be predicted by monitoring the static component and P-V value of the thrust force, respectively. The relatively large spindle speed helps to reduce the roughness value Ra. The spindle speed with moderate value is recommended to reduce the dimensional error of machined groove because the dimensional error of machined groove will increase when the spindle speed is small enough (causing brittle cutting) or large enough (reducing cutting stability). View Full-Text
Keywords: KDP crystal; micro ball end-milling; cutting force; FFT analysis; machined surface quality KDP crystal; micro ball end-milling; cutting force; FFT analysis; machined surface quality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, N.; Wu, C.; Chen, M.; Li, L.; He, N. Research on the Relationship between Cutting Force and Machined Surface Quality in Micro Ball End-Milling of Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Crystal. Micromachines 2018, 9, 574.

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