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Micromachines 2018, 9(1), 10;

Controllable Swarming and Assembly of Micro/Nanomachines

Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 November 2017 / Revised: 10 December 2017 / Accepted: 25 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
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Motion is a common phenomenon in biological processes. Major advances have been made in designing various self-propelled micromachines that harvest different types of energies into mechanical movement to achieve biomedicine and biological applications. Inspired by fascinating self-organization motion of natural creatures, the swarming or assembly of synthetic micro/nanomachines (often referred to micro/nanoswimmers, micro/nanorobots, micro/nanomachines, or micro/nanomotors), are able to mimic these amazing natural systems to help humanity accomplishing complex biological tasks. This review described the fuel induced methods (enzyme, hydrogen peroxide, hydrazine, et al.) and fuel-free induced approaches (electric, ultrasound, light, and magnetic) that led to control the assembly and swarming of synthetic micro/nanomachines. Such behavior is of fundamental importance in improving our understanding of self-assembly processes that are occurring on molecular to macroscopic length scales. View Full-Text
Keywords: collective behavior; micro/nanomotors; swarming behavior collective behavior; micro/nanomotors; swarming behavior

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Liu, C.; Xu, T.; Xu, L.-P.; Zhang, X. Controllable Swarming and Assembly of Micro/Nanomachines. Micromachines 2018, 9, 10.

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