Next Article in Journal
Miniaturization of Implantable Micro-Robot Propulsion Using a Wireless Power Transfer System
Next Article in Special Issue
Microfluidic Droplet Extraction by Hydrophilic Membrane
Previous Article in Journal
A Single-Use, Self-Powered, Paper-Based Sensor Patch for Detection of Exercise-Induced Hypoglycemia
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Integrated Artificial Cilia Based Microfluidic Device for Micropumping and Micromixing Applications
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Micromachines 2017, 8(9), 268;

Visualization Study of Oil-in-Water-in-Oil (O/W/O) Double Emulsion Formation in a Simple and Robust Co-Flowing Microfluidic Device

School of Hydraulic, Energy and Power Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225127, China
School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 August 2017 / Revised: 27 August 2017 / Accepted: 29 August 2017 / Published: 1 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Lab-on-a-Chip)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4691 KB, uploaded 1 September 2017]   |  


A simple and robust co-flowing microfluidic device for double emulsion preparation is designed and assembled to visually study the double emulsion formation by the use of a microscope and high-speed camera. Using a visualization system, the transient processes of double emulsion formation in co-flowing stream are observed and recorded for a variety of flow rates. The effects of flow rates of each fluid on flow modes, drop sizes, and polydispersities are examined and analyzed. The results indicate that the detaching of the inner drops accelerates the detaching of the outer drops and speeds up the drop formation process of double emulsions. The manipulation of flow rates is capable to actively control the sizes of the inner and outer drops as well as the number of inner drops encapsulated. Without surface modification, the microfluidic device produces a variety of emulsions, including the single-core and multi-core O/W/O double emulsions as well as binary emulsions of single and double emulsions. The proposed co-flowing microfluidic device is highly desirable in producing double emulsions in an easy and cheap way. View Full-Text
Keywords: visualization; co-flowing; double emulsion; microfluidic visualization; co-flowing; double emulsion; microfluidic

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, P.; Wu, L.; Liu, X. Visualization Study of Oil-in-Water-in-Oil (O/W/O) Double Emulsion Formation in a Simple and Robust Co-Flowing Microfluidic Device. Micromachines 2017, 8, 268.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Micromachines EISSN 2072-666X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top