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A Review on Lattice Defects in Graphene: Types, Generation, Effects and Regulation

School of Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Xidian University, Number 2 Taibai South Road, Xi’an 710071, China
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Academic Editor: Ha Duong Ngo
Micromachines 2017, 8(5), 163; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8050163
Received: 31 March 2017 / Revised: 27 April 2017 / Accepted: 12 May 2017 / Published: 18 May 2017
Graphene, having a perfect two-dimensional crystal structure, has many excellent features such as a high specific surface area, and extraordinary electrical, thermal and mechanical properties. However, during the production process, lattice defects will inevitably be produced. Therefore, the performance of graphene with various defects is much lower than its theoretical value. We summarize the major advances of research into graphene defects in engineering in this paper. Firstly, the main types and causes of defects in graphene are introduced. Secondly, the influence of different defects in graphene on the chemical, electronic, magnetic and mechanical properties is discussed. Also, the control methods of graphene defects are reviewed. Finally, we propose the future challenges and prospects for the study of the defects of graphene and other nano-carbon materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; lattice defects; vacancies; control method graphene; lattice defects; vacancies; control method
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Tian, W.; Li, W.; Yu, W.; Liu, X. A Review on Lattice Defects in Graphene: Types, Generation, Effects and Regulation. Micromachines 2017, 8, 163.

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