A heterogeneous immunoassay is an efficient biomedical test. It aims to detect the presence of an analyte or to measure its concentration. It has many applications, such as manipulating particles and separating cancer cells from blood. The enhanced performance of immunosensors comes down to capturing more antigens with greater efficiency by antibodies in a short time. In this work, we report an efficient investigation of the effects of alternating current (AC) electrokinetic forces such as AC electroosmosis (ACEO), which arise when the fluid absorbs energy from an applied electric field, on the kinetics of the antigen–antibody binding in a flow system. The force can produce swirling structures in the fluid and, thus, improve the transport of the analyte toward the reaction surface of the immunosensor device. A numerical simulation is adequate for this purpose and may provide valuable information. The convection–diffusion phenomenon is coupled with the first-order Langmuir model. The governing equations are solved using the finite element method (FEM). The impact of AC electroosmosis on the binding reaction kinetics, the fluid flow stream modification, the analyte concentration diffusion, and the detection time of the biosensor under AC electroosmosis are analyzed.
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